In this section
Pleural Effusion and Empyema (RCH) Sepsis (VPCN) Sepsis in neonates (Neonatal eHandbook)
Severe pneumonia should be considered if:
Investigations including CXR, are NOT
recommended for routine use in the diagnosis and management of CAP, particularly in those with mild disease who are expected to be managed as an outpatient. A CXR (posteroanterior view) is recommended for patients who require admission or if severe or
complicated pneumonia is suspected.
NOTE: Testing for atypical bacteria (including nasopharyngeal secretions and nasal swabs for M.pneumoniae
PCR or acute and convalescent serology) is not helpful in guiding management as testing cannot differentiate between asymptomatic carriage and symptomatic infection.
Children can be discharged when they are:
For emergency advice and paediatric or neonatal ICU transfers, call the Paediatric Infant Perinatal Emergency Retrieval (PIPER) Service: 1300 137 650.
Parent information sheet:
Last revised December, 2016