In this section
Mental health is the emotional, social and behavioural wellbeing of any infant,
child, young person or adult. All people, no matter what their age, can
have mental health problems. Good mental health is important for healthy development, and research
tells us that recognising and addressing
problems early can help improve outcomes.
Having good mental health involves:
Adolescence can be a challenging time for parents and young people, and changes
in behaviour and mood are common. Knowing what’s normal and recognising the signs
of social, emotional or behavioural problems in older children and teenagers can
be difficult for parents.
The following symptoms may be a sign of mental health concerns in a
teenager, especially if you notice these issues being present most of the time
and affecting your child’s ability to cope with day-to-day life at home or
The exact cause for most mental heath problems is not known. Many
factors combine to affect a person’s social and emotional wellbeing, including factors
from their environment and factors they inherit from their family. Drug and
alcohol use is a risk factor for mental health problems in teenagers. It’s
important to remember that difficulties with mental health in children and
teenagers are no-one’s fault, and no-one is to blame.
Adolescents, particularly between the ages of 15 and 18, are at
increased risk of having a mental health condition. Early adolescence is a time
when young people want independence from their parents, but skills such as
problem solving, decision making, and impulse control are still being learnt as
the brain develops. Often, adolescence is a time of increased stress from
school, family, and social pressures. Everyday challenges (eg. family
breakdowns, making mistakes, bullying or a falling out with friends) may be
harder to overcome during this time in a young person’s development.
Building resilience in adolescents can help them to cope and recover more
easily from difficult situations. Having strong, positive relationships and
spending time with your child is key to building resilience.
It is also important to encourage healthy habits. Parents can promote
good mental health in their teenagers by:
Often parents don’t feel confident in seeking help for problems with their
child’s social, emotional and behavioural wellbeing. It’s important for you and
your child to have support. If they continue to have difficulties after you
have tried general strategies to help, you should speak to a professional and
encourage your child to join you in seeking help. A school teacher, school counsellor
or GP are good starting points to help you access the right help for your
If your child talks
about suicide or self-harm, seek help from a medical professional. If you or your
child is in an emergency, or at immediate risk of harm, contact emergency
services on 000.
There are many community services available if you have concerns about
your child’s mental health or you’d like more information: