In this section
Cervical spine injury
Torticollis (twisted neck), is a non-specific sign with a large spectrum of aetiologies.
of acquired torticollis include:
Red flag features in Red
Depending on the presentation, consultation with, general medicine, orthopaedics, ENT, ophthalmology or neurology will help with decisions about imaging
For most children, heat pack, massage and basic analgesia is appropriate treatment
Diazepam can be effective with some cases of spasm of the sternocleidomastoid
Management depends on suspected cause
Child requires care beyond the comfort level of the local provider
For emergency advice and paediatric or neonatal ICU transfers, call the Paediatric Infant Perinatal Emergency Retrieval (PIPER) Service: 1300 137 650.
Last updated June 2020