In this section
RCH Clinical Practice Guideline Burns
A burn is damage to a tissue caused by thermal, chemical and
electrical insults or friction-pressure forces. Thermal burns include
radiation, contact, flame and scald injuries (frostbites and chilblains are
also types of thermal injuries). Scalds are burns caused by hot liquids and
steam which include immersion, flowing liquid, splash and splatter scalds. The
proportion of burns caused by child abuse is difficult to ascertain.
Scene investigation (conducted by Victoria Police or Child
Protection staff) can also provide valuable information about water
temperatures and the environment in which the child sustained the injury. Many
people would consider a scene investigation to be an essential part of any
investigation of scalds in young children.