Research by author S - T

    1. Saha, S., et al. (2015). "Sociodemographic and clinical correlates of migrant status in adults with psychotic disorders: data from the Australian Survey of High Impact Psychosis." Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci 24(6): 534-541
    2. Saha, S., et al. (2014). "Sociodemographic and clinical correlates of migrant status in adults with psychotic disorders: data from the Australian Survey of High Impact Psychosis." Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci: 1-8
    3. Saha, S., et al. (2013). "Socio-economic disadvantage and delusional-like experiences: a nationwide population-based study." Eur Psychiatry 28(1): 59-63
    4. Said M, et al. (2021). "Barriers to accessing mental health services in Somali-Australian women: a qualitative study." Int J Ment Health Nurs. 30(4):931-938.
    5. Salter, M. (2014). "Multi-perpetrator domestic violence." Trauma Violence Abuse 15(2): 102-112
    6. Saleem, A., et al. (2018).  "Utilisation of Healthcare Services and Medicines by Pakistani Migrants Residing in High Income Countries: A Systematic Review and Thematic Synthesis." J Immigr Minor Health  
    7. Samaan, G., et al. (2003). "Tuberculosis notifications in Australia, 2002." Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 27(4): 449-458
    8. Sampson, R. and S. M. Gifford (2010). "Place-making, settlement and well-being: the therapeutic landscapes of recently arrived youth with refugee backgrounds." Health & Place 16(1): 116-131
    9. Samuel S., et al. (2017). “Health seeking narratives of unwell Sri Lankan Tamil refugees in Melbourne Australia.” Aust J Prim Health. 2017 Nov 29. doi: 10.1071/PY17033.
    10. Sanati Pour, M., et al. (2014). "Prevalence of dyslipidaemia and micronutrient deficiencies among newly arrived Afghan refugees in rural Australia: a cross-sectional study." BMC Public Health 14: 896
    11. Sanggaran, J. P., et al. (2016). "The Health Care Consequences Of Australian Immigration Policies." PLoS medicine 13(2): e1001960
    12. Sanggaran, J. P., et al. (2014). "Ethical challenges for doctors working in immigration detention." Med J Aust 201(7): 377-378
    13. Sara, G. and P. Brann (2018).  "Understanding the mechanisms of transgenerational mental health impacts in refugees." Lancet Public Health 3(5): e211-e212  
    14. Sarich, P. E., et al. (2015). "Co-occurrence of chronic disease lifestyle risk factors in middle-aged and older immigrants: A cross-sectional analysis of 264,102 Australians." Prev Med 81: 209-215
    15. Satyen, L., et al. (2020). "The Royal Commission into Family Violence: Trends in the Reporting of Intimate Partner Violence and Help-Seeking Behavior." J Interpers Violence: 886260519897341.
    16. Savic, M., et al. (2016). "'We don't have to go and see a special person to solve this problem': Trauma, mental health beliefs and processes for addressing 'mental health issues' among Sudanese refugees in Australia." Int J Soc Psychiatry 62(1): 76-83
    17. Savic, M., et al. (2014). "Alcohol problems among migrants in substance use treatment: the role of drinking patterns in countries of birth." Aust J Prim Health 20(3): 220-221
    18. Savic, M., et al. (2013). "Separation from family and its impact on the mental health of Sudanese refugees in Australia: a qualitative study." Aust N Z J Public Health 37(4): 383-388
    19. Schech, S. (2014). "Silent Bargain or Rural Cosmopolitanism? Refugee Settlement in Regional Australia." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 40(4): 601-618 
    20. Scheltinga, F., et al. (2014). "Varying sun protection of young children by migrant and Australian-born mothers." Aust N Z J Public Health 38(6): 513-517
    21. Schick, M., et al. (2016). "Challenging future, challenging past: the relationship of social integration and psychological impairment in traumatized refugees." Eur J Psychotraumatol 7: 28057
    22. Schluter, P. J., et al. (2017).  "Acculturation and its impact on the oral health status of Pacific children in New Zealand: findings from the Pacific Islands Families study." J Public Health Dent 77(3): 225-233  
    23. Schmied, V., et al. (2012). "Contradictions and conflict: a meta-ethnographic study of migrant women's experiences of breastfeeding in a new country." BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12: 163
    24. Schnyder, U., et al. (2015). "A Comparison of DSM-5 and DSM-IV Diagnostic Criteria for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Traumatized Refugees." J Trauma Stress 28(4): 267-274
    25. Schrier, L., et al. (2019). "Medical care for migrant children in Europe: a practical recommendation for first and follow-up appointments." Eur J Pediatr 178(9): 1449-1467.
    26. Schulz, T. R., et al. (2018).  "Hepatitis B among immigrants from Myanmar: Genotypes and their clinical relevance." J Med Virol 90(2): 271-276  
    27. Schulz, T. R., et al. (2015). "Improvements in patient care: videoconferencing to improve access to interpreters during clinical consultations for refugee and immigrant patients." Aust Health Rev 39(4): 395-399
    28. Schulz, T. R., et al. (2014). "Using stool antigen to screen for Helicobacter pylori in immigrants and refugees from high prevalence countries is relatively cost effective in reducing the burden of gastric cancer and peptic ulceration." PLoS One 9(9): e108610
    29. Schulz, T. R., et al. (2014). "Telehealth: experience of the first 120 consultations delivered from a new refugee telehealth clinic." Intern Med J 44(10): 981-985
    30. Schweitzer, R. D., et al. (2018).  "Recently resettled refugee women-at-risk in Australia evidence high levels of psychiatric symptoms: individual, trauma and post-migration factors predict outcomes." BMC Med 16(1): 149  
    31. Schweitzer, R. D., et al. (2011). "Mental health of newly arrived Burmese refugees in Australia: contributions of pre-migration and post-migration experience." Aust N Z J Psychiatry 45(4): 299-307
    32. Schweitzer, R., et al. (2006). "Trauma, post-migration living difficulties, and social support as predictors of psychological adjustment in resettled Sudanese refugees." The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry 40(2): 179-187
    33. Scott, N., et al. (2014). "Knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about lung cancer in three culturally and linguistically diverse communities living in Australia: a qualitative study." Health Promot J Austr 25(1): 46-51
    34. Sellars, M. and H. Murphy (2018).  "Becoming Australian: A Review of Southern Sudanese Students' Educational Experiences." International Journal of Inclusive Education 22(5): 490-509 
    35. Selvarajah S, et al. (2019). “Vision impairment and refractive errors in refugees presenting to community optometry clinics in Victoria, Australia.” Clin Exp Optom. 2020 Sep;103(5):668-674.      
    36. Selvey, L. A. and R. Hall (2018).  "Would a good screening test increase the effectiveness of border screening for influenza control?" Clin Microbiol Infect 24(3): 214-215  
    37. Selvey, L. A., et al. (2018).  "Challenges Facing Asian Sex Workers in Western Australia: Implications for Health Promotion and Support Services." Front Public Health 6(171  
    38. Shahid, U. and A. Rane (2017).  "African, male attitudes on female genital mutilation: an Australian survey." J Obstet Gynaecol 37(8): 1053-1058  
    39. Shahin, W., et al. (2018).  "Health beliefs and chronic illnesses of refugees: a systematic review." Ethn Health 1-13  
    40. Shafer, S. M. (1983). Bilingual Education and Social Integration. Bilingual Education Paper Series, Vol. 7, No. 2.
    41. Shafiei, T., et al. (2015). "Immigrant Afghan women's emotional well-being after birth and use of health services in Melbourne, Australia." Midwifery 31(7): 671-677
    42. Shafiei, T., et al. (2012). "Women's views and experiences of maternity care: a study of immigrant Afghan women in Melbourne, Australia." Midwifery 28(2): 198-203
    43. Shahid, U., and A. Rane. (2017). "African, male attitudes on female genital mutilation: an Australian survey." J Obstet Gynaecol.  Jun 20:1-6
    44. Shahin, W., et al. (2020). "The role of refugee and migrant migration status on medication adherence: Mediation through illness perceptions." PLoS One 15(1): e0227326.
    45. Shahin W, et al. (2021). “The effect of acculturation and harm beliefs on medication adherence on Middle Eastern hypertensive refugees and migrants in Australia.” Int J Clin Pharm. 43(5):1283-1292.
    46. Shanley, C., et al. (2013). "Qualitative research on dementia in ethnically diverse communities: fieldwork challenges and opportunities." Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen 28(3): 278-283
    47. Shariati, S., et al. (2017).  "The Impact of E-Skills on the Settlement of Iranian Refugees in Australia." Interdisciplinary Journal of e-Skills and Lifelong Learning 13(59-77  
    48. Shaw, J., et al. (2015). "Treatment decision making experiences of migrant cancer patients and their families in Australia." Patient Educ Couns
    49. Shaw, J., et al. (2013). "Reducing disparity in outcomes for immigrants with cancer: a qualitative assessment of the feasibility and acceptability of a culturally targeted telephone-based supportive care intervention." Support Care Cancer
    50. Shawyer, F., et al. (2017). "The mental health status of refugees and asylum seekers attending a refugee health clinic including comparisons with a matched sample of Australian-born residents." BMC Psychiatry.  17(1):76
    51. Shawyer, F., et al. (2014). "A cross-sectional survey of the mental health needs of refugees and asylum seekers attending a refugee health clinic: a study protocol for using research to inform local service delivery." BMC Psychiatry 14(1): 1
    52. Sheikh, M., et al. (2011). "Vitamin D deficiency in refugee children from conflict zones." Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health13(1): 87-93
    53. Sheikh, M., et al. (2011). "Equity and access: understanding emergency health service use by newly arrived refugees." Medical Journal of Australia 195(2): 74-76
    54. Sheikh, M. and C. R. MacIntyre (2009). "The impact of intensive health promotion to a targeted refugee population on utilisation of a new refugee paediatric clinic at the children's hospital at Westmead." Ethnicity & Health 14(4): 393-405
    55. Sheikh, M., et al. (2009). "The epidemiology of health conditions of newly arrived refugee children: a review of patients attending a specialist health clinic in Sydney." Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health 45(9): 509-513
    56. Sheikh, M., et al. (2008). "Preventive detention: the ethical ground where politics and health meet. Focus on asylum seekers in Australia." Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 62(6): 480-483
    57. Sheikh-Mohammed, M., et al. (2006). "Barriers to access to health care for newly resettled sub-Saharan refugees in Australia." Medical Journal of Australia 185(11-12): 594-597
    58. Shergold, P. (2018).  "Helping refugees build new lives: from consultation to collaboration." Public Health Res Pract 28(1):  
    59. Shewamene, Z., et al. (2020). "Use of traditional and complementary medicine for maternal health and wellbeing by African migrant women in Australia: a mixed method study." BMC Complement Med Ther 20(1): 60.
    60. Shishehgar, S., et al. (2016). "Health and Socio-Cultural Experiences of Refugee Women: An Integrative Review." J Immigr Minor Health
    61. Shishehgar, S., et al. (2015). "The impact of migration on the health status of Iranians: an integrative literature review." BMC Int Health Hum Rights 15: 20
    62. Shishehgar S, et al. (2021). “A qualitative study of experiences of asylum-seeker women of living in detention centres: confinement versus safety.” Contemp Nurse. 57(1-2):51-64.
    63. Shrestha-Ranjit J., et al. (2017). "Effectiveness of Primary Health Care Services in Addressing Mental Health Needs of Minority Refugee Population in New Zealand". Issues Ment Health Nurs. 38(4):290-300.
    64. Sidhu, R. and L. Naidoo (2018).  "Educating Students from Refugee Backgrounds: Ethical Conduct to Resist the Politics of Besiegement." International Studies in Sociology of Education 27(2): 166-183  
    65. Sidhu, R. K. and S. Taylor (2009). "The Trials and Tribulations of Partnerships in Refugee Settlement Services in Australia." Journal of Education Policy 24(6): 655-672 
    66. Sievert, K., et al. (2018).  "Engaging new refugee in Australian communities at risk for chronic hepatitis B infection into care: A peer-educator intervention." Health Soc Care Community  
    67. Sievert K., et al. (2017). "Barriers to Accessing Testing and Treatment for Chronic Hepatitis B in Afghan, Rohingyan, and South Sudanese Populations in Australia. J Immigr Minor Health. Jan 24.
    68. Silove, D. (2015). "Should children be evacuated during times of war?" BMJ 350: g7824
    69. Silove, D. (2012). "Treatment of refugees at the crossroads: the need for an evidence base." Aust N Z J Psychiatry 46(10): 921-923
    70. Silove, D. M. and S. J. Rees (2010). "Interrogating the role of mental health professionals in assessing torture." BMJ 340: c124
    71. Silove, D., et al. (2010). "Adult separation anxiety disorder among war-affected Bosnian refugees: comorbidity with PTSD and associations with dimensions of trauma." Journal of traumatic stress 23(1): 169-172
    72. Silove, D., et al. (2010). "Social and trauma-related pathways leading to psychological distress and functional limitations four years after the humanitarian emergency in Timor-Leste." Journal of traumatic stress 23(1): 151-160
    73. Silove, D., et al. (2008). "Estimating clinically relevant mental disorders in a rural and an urban setting in postconflict Timor Leste." Archives of general psychiatry 65(10): 1205-1212
    74. Silove, D., et al. (2007). "No refuge from terror: the impact of detention on the mental health of trauma-affected refugees seeking asylum in Australia." Transcultural Psychiatry 44(3): 359-393
    75. Silove, D., et al. (2007). "Trauma, PTSD and the longer-term mental health burden amongst Vietnamese refugees : a comparison with the Australian-born population." Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology 42(6): 467-476
    76. Silove, D., et al. (2007). "Screening for depression and PTSD in a Cambodian population unaffected by war: comparing the Hopkins Symptom Checklist and Harvard Trauma Questionnaire with the structured clinical interview." The Journal of nervous and mental disease 195(2): 152-157
    77. Silove, D., et al. (2007). "The impact of the refugee decision on the trajectory of PTSD, anxiety, and depressive symptoms among asylum seekers: a longitudinal study." American Journal of Disaster Medicine 2(6): 321-329
    78. Silove, D. (2004). "The challenges facing mental health programs for post-conflict and refugee communities." Prehospital and disaster medicine 19(1): 90-96
    79. Silove, D. (2002). "The asylum debacle in Australia: a challenge for psychiatry." The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry 36(3): 290-296
    80. Silove, D. and S. Ekblad (2002). "How well do refugees adapt after resettlement in Western countries?" Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica 106(6): 401-402
    81. Silove, D., et al. (2002). "The impact of torture on post-traumatic stress symptoms in war-affected Tamil refugees and immigrants." Comprehensive psychiatry 43(1): 49-55
    82. Silove, D., et al. (2001). "Detention of asylum seekers: assault on health, human rights, and social development." Lancet 357(9266): 1436-1437
    83. Silove, D., et al. (2000). "Policies of deterrence and the mental health of asylum seekers." JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association 284(5): 604-611
    84. Silove, D. (1999). "Health and human rights of the East Timorese." Lancet 353(9169): 2067
    85. Silove, D., et al. (1999). "Problems Tamil asylum seekers encounter in accessing health and welfare services in Australia." Social Science & Medicine 49(7): 951-956
    86. Silove, D., et al. (1998). "Trauma exposure, postmigration stressors, and symptoms of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress in Tamil asylum-seekers: comparison with refugees and immigrants." Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica 97(3): 175-181
    87. Silove, D., et al. (1997). "Anxiety, depression and PTSD in asylum-seekers: assocations with pre-migration trauma and post-migration stressors." The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science 170: 351-357
    88. Silove, D., et al. (1997). "Satisfaction of Vietnamese patients and their families with refugee and mainstream mental health services." Psychiatric services 48(8): 1064-1069
    89. Silove, D., et al. (1996). "Ethical considerations in the management of asylum seekers on hunger strike." JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association 276(5): 410-415
    90. Silove, D., et al. (1993). "Risk of retraumatisation of asylum-seekers in Australia." The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry 27(4): 606-612
    91. Silove, D., et al. (1991). "Psychosocial needs of torture survivors." The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry 25(4): 481-490
    92. Sinnerbrink, I., et al. (1997). "Compounding of premigration trauma and postmigration stress in asylum seekers." The Journal of psychology 131(5): 463-470
    93. Sinnerbrink, I., et al. (1996). "Asylum seekers: general health status and problems with access to health care." Med J Aust 165(11-12): 634-637
    94. Skull, S. A., et al. (2008). "Incomplete immunity and missed vaccination opportunities in East African immigrants settling in Australia." Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health 10(3): 263-268
    95. Skull, S. A., et al. (2003). "Vitamin D deficiency is common and unrecognized among recently arrived adult immigrants from The Horn of Africa." Internal Medicine Journal 33(1-2): 47-51
    96. Slewa-Younan, S., et al. (2019). "Predictors of professional help-seeking for emotional problems in Afghan and Iraqi refugees in Australia: findings from the Building a New Life in Australia Database." BMC Public Health 19(1): 1485.
    97. Slewa-Younan, S., et al. (2017). "Causes of and risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder: the beliefs of Iraqi and Afghan refugees resettled in Australia." Int J Ment Health Syst.  11:4.
    98. Slewa-Younan, S., et al. (2015). "A Systematic Review of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Depression Amongst Iraqi Refugees Located in Western Countries." J Immigr Minor Health 17(4): 1231-1239
    99. Slewa-Younan, S., et al. (2015). "Psychological trauma and help seeking behaviour amongst resettled Iraqi refugees in attending English tuition classes in Australia." Int J Ment Health Syst 9: 5
    100. Slewa-Younan, S., et al. (2014). "A Systematic Review of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Depression Amongst Iraqi Refugees Located in Western Countries." J Immigr Minor Health
    101. Slewa-Younan, S., et al. (2014). "Mental health literacy of resettled Iraqi refugees in Australia: knowledge about posttraumatic stress disorder and beliefs about helpfulness of interventions." BMC Psychiatry 14(1): 320
    102. Slewa-Younan, S. and M. Radulovic (2013). "Emerging data on resettled Iraqi refugees in Australia: 10 years after the 2003 Iraq conflict." Aust Nurs J 20(11): 42
    103. Slewa-Younan, S., et al. (2012). "Measures of psychophysiological arousal among resettled traumatized Iraqi refugees seeking psychological treatment." J Trauma Stress 25(3): 348-352
    104. Small, R., et al. (2014). "Immigrant and non-immigrant women's experiences of maternity care: a systematic and comparative review of studies in five countries." BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 14: 152
    105. Smith, L., et al. (2020). "Factors Shaping the Lived Experience of Resettlement for Former Refugees in Regional Australia." Int J Environ Res Public Health 17(2).
    106. Smith, L. A., et al. (2019). "The mental health of former refugees in regional Australia: A qualitative study." Aust J Rural Health 27(5): 459-462.
    107. Smith, M. M. and S. Vagholkar (2009). "A polio intervention in East African refugees to NSW." New South Wales Public Health Bulletin 20(5-6): 77-80
    108. Smith, M. R., et al. (2009). "Racial differences in the human endogenous circadian period." PLoS ONE [Electronic Resource] 4(6): e6014
    109. Smith, M. A., et al. (2007). "Human dispersal into Australasia." Science 315(5812): 597-598; author reply 597-598
    110. Smith, Y. R., et al. (2007). "Perceptions of clinical research participation among African American women." Journal of Women's Health 16(3): 423-428
    111. Smith, M. M. (2006). "Refugees in Australia: Changing faces, changing needs." Medical Journal of Australia 185(11-12): 587-588
    112. Smith, M. M. (2001). "Asylum seekers in Australia." Medical Journal of Australia 175(11-12): 587-589
    113. Sneesby, L., et al. (2011). "Death and dying in Australia: perceptions of a Sudanese community." J Adv Nurs 67(12): 2696-2702
    114. Snow G, et al. (2021). "Perinatal psychosocial assessment of women of refugee background." Women Birth. 34(3):e302-e308.
    115. Soler-Garcia A, et al. (2021). “Performance of QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus assays in children and adolescents at risk of tuberculosis: a cross-sectional multicentre study.” Thorax. thoraxjnl-2021-217592.
    116. Spearritt, D. and J. M. Colman (1983). Schooling for Newly Arrived Indo-Chinese Refugees: An Evaluation of the Contingency Program for Refugee Children.
    117. Specker, P., et al. (2018).  "A factor analytic investigation of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms in a culturally diverse sample of refugees resettled in Australia." Confl Health 12(26)  
    118. Spiegler, O., et al. (2019). "Dual Identity Development and Adjustment in Muslim Minority Adolescents." J Youth Adolesc 48(10): 1924-1937.
    119. Spike, E. A., et al. (2011). "Access to primary health care services by community-based asylum seekers." Medical Journal of Australia 195(4): 188-191
    120. Spiller, T. R., et al. (2019). "Emotional Reactivity, Emotion Regulation Capacity, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Traumatized Refugees: An Experimental Investigation." J Trauma Stress 32(1): 32-41.
    121. Spiller TR., et al. (2016). “Somatisation and anger are associated with symptom severity of posttraumatic stress disorder in severely traumatised refugees and asylum seekers.” Swiss Med Wkly.6;146:w14311.
    122. Stanaway, F., et al. (2017).  "Exclusions from clinical trials in Australia based on proficiency in English." Med J Aust 207(1): 36  
    123. Stanzel, K. A., et al. (2020). "'Not everybody is an internet person': Barriers for menopause-related health literacy among immigrant women from the Horn of Africa nations." Health Promot J Austr.
    124. Stanzel, K. A., et al.(2018).  "Experiences of menopause, self-management strategies for menopausal symptoms and perceptions of health care among immigrant women: a systematic review." Climacteric 21(2): 101-110  
    125. Stapleton, H., et al. (2013). "Women from refugee backgrounds and their experiences of attending a specialist antenatal clinic. Narratives from an Australian setting." Women Birth 26(4): 260-266
    126. Steel, Z., et al. (2011). "Global protection and the health impact of migration interception." PLoS medicine 8(6): e1001038
    127. Steel, Z., et al. (2011). "Two year psychosocial and mental health outcomes for refugees subjected to restrictive or supportive immigration policies." Soc Sci Med 72(7): 1149-1156
    128. Steel, Z., et al. (2009). "Human rights and the trauma model: genuine partners or uneasy allies?" Journal of traumatic stress 22(5): 358-365
    129. Steel, Z., et al. (2009). "Association of torture and other potentially traumatic events with mental health outcomes among populations exposed to mass conflict and displacement: a systematic review and meta-analysis." JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association 302(5): 537-549
    130. Steel, Z., et al. (2006). "Impact of immigration detention and temporary protection on the mental health of refugees." The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science 188: 58-64
    131. Steel, Z., et al. (2005). "Mental disorders, disability and health service use amongst Vietnamese refugees and the host Australian population." Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica 111(4): 300-309
    132. Steel, Z. and D. Silove (2004). "Science and the common good: indefinite, non-reviewable mandatory detention of asylum seekers and the research imperative." Monash bioethics review 23(4): 93-103
    133. Steel, Z., et al. (2004). "Part I--the mental health impacts of migration: the law and its effects failing to understand: refugee determination and the traumatized applicant." International journal of law and psychiatry 27(6): 511-528
    134. Steel, Z., et al. (2004). "Psychiatric status of asylum seeker families held for a protracted period in a remote detention centre in Australia." Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health 28(6): 527-536
    135. Steel, Z., et al. (2002). "Long-term effect of psychological trauma on the mental health of Vietnamese refugees resettled in Australia: a population-based study." Lancet 360(9339): 1056-1062
    136. Steel, Z. and D. M. Silove (2001). "The mental health implications of detaining asylum seekers." Med J Aust 175(11-12): 596-599
    137. Steel, Z., et al. (1999). "Pathways from war trauma to posttraumatic stress symptoms among Tamil asylum seekers, refugees, and immigrants." Journal of traumatic stress 12(3): 421-435
    138. Steinfort, D. P., et al. (2009). "Endobronchial ultrasound-guided biopsy in the evaluation of intrathoracic lymphadenopathy in suspected tuberculosis: a minimally invasive technique with a high diagnostic yield." Journal of Infection 58(4): 309-311
    139. Stevenson, A. D., et al. (2011). "Resilience among doctors who work in challenging areas: a qualitative study." Br J Gen Pract61(588): e404-410
    140. Stock, D. (2017).  "National position statement for the management of latent tuberculosis infection." Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 41(3): E204-e208  
    141. Stolk, Y., et al. (2017).  "Review of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire translated into languages spoken by children and adolescents of refugee background." Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 26(4):  
    142. Stott, S. M., et al. (2015). "Comparison of roentgenographic manifestations of active pulmonary tuberculosis between migrant and non-migrant populations in the Hunter Region." J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 59(6): 668-672
    143. Straiton, M. L., et al. (2016). "Managing Mental Health Problems Among Immigrant Women Attending Primary Health Care Services." Health Care Women Int 37(1): 118-139
    144. Straiton, M., et al. (2014). "Immigrants' use of primary health care services for mental health problems." BMC Health Serv Res 14: 341
    145. Straiton, M., et al. (2014). "Mental health in immigrant men and women in Australia: the North West Adelaide Health Study." BMC Public Health 14: 1111
    146. Strugnell, C., et al. (2011). "Reliability of the modified child and adolescent physical activity and nutrition survey, physical activity (CAPANS-PA) questionnaire among Chinese-Australian youth." BMC Medical Research Methodology 11: 122
    147. Stuart J, Nowosad J. (2020). “The Influence of Premigration Trauma Exposure and Early Postmigration Stressors on Changes in Mental Health Over Time Among Refugees in Australia.” J Trauma Stress. 33(6):917-927.
    148. Stubbe Ostergaard, L., et al. (2017).  "Restricted health care entitlements for child migrants in Europe and Australia." Eur J Public Health 27(5): 869-873  
    149. Subramaniam, K., et al. (2012). "Hepatitis B status in migrants and refugees: increasing health burden in Western Australia." Intern Med J 42(8): 880-886
    150. Sukumar, S., et al. (2012). "Areca nut chewing in an expatriate population in Sydney: report of two cases." Aust Dent J 57(3): 373-378
    151. Sulaiman-Hill, C. M. and S. C. Thompson (2013). "Learning to fit in: an exploratory study of general perceived self efficacy in selected refugee groups." J Immigr Minor Health 15(1): 125-131
    152. Sulaiman-Hill, C. M. and S. C. Thompson (2012). "Afghan and Kurdish refugees, 8-20 years after resettlement, still experience psychological distress and challenges to well being." Aust N Z J Public Health 36(2): 126-134
    153. Sulaiman-Hill, C. M. and S. C. Thompson (2011). "Sampling challenges in a study examining refugee resettlement." BMC Int Health Hum Rights 11: 2
    154. Sundram S., and P. Ventevogel. (2017).  “The mental health of refugees and asylum seekers on Manus Island.” Lancet. 2017 Nov 27. pii: S0140-6736(17)33051-9.
    155. Suwankhong, D. and P. Liamputtong (2018).  "Early Detection of Breast Cancer and Barrier to Screening Programmes amongst Thai Migrant Women in Australia: A Qualitative Study." Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 19(4): 1089-1097  
    156. Sweileh WM. (2017). "Bibliometric analysis of medicine - related publications on refugees, asylum-seekers, and internally displaced people: 2000 - 2015."  BMC Int Health Hum Rights.;17(1):7.
    157. Sypek SA., et al. (2016). “A holistic approach to age estimation in refugee children.” J Paediatr Child Health.;52(6):614-20
    158. Sypek, S., et al. (2008). "Critical health infrastructure for refugee resettlement in rural Australia: case study of four rural towns." Australian Journal of Rural Health 16(6): 349-354
    159. Taft A, et al. (2021). "HARMONY: a pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial of a culturally competent systems intervention to prevent and reduce domestic violence among migrant and refugee families in general practice: study protocol." BMJ Open. 11(7):e046431.
    160. Taime, T. (2015). "'Forgotten': a personal comment and communique on West Papuan refugees." Australas Psychiatry 23(6 Suppl): 59-60
    161. Talley, N. J. and K. J. Zwi (2015). "Let the children go - advocacy for children in detention by the Royal Australasian College of Physicians." Med J Aust 202(11): 555-557
    162. Tan, E. D., et al. (2015). "Changes in characteristics and management of Asian and Anglo-Celts with type 2 diabetes over a 15-year period in an urban Australian community: The Fremantle Diabetes Study." J Diabetes
    163. Tan, J., et al. (2010). "Experiences of Chinese immigrants and Anglo-Australians ageing in Australia: a cross-cultural perspective on successful ageing." Journal of Health Psychology 15(5): 697-706
    164. Tay, A. K., et al. (2019). "Functional impairment as a proxy measure indicating high rates of trauma exposure, post-migration living difficulties, common mental disorders, and poor health amongst Rohingya refugees in Malaysia." Transl Psychiatry 9(1): 213.
    165. Tay, A. K., et al. (2016). "Factorial structure of complicated grief: associations with loss-related traumatic events and psychosocial impacts of mass conflict amongst West Papuan refugees." Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 51(3): 395-406
    166. Tay, A. K., et al. (2015). "Examining the broader psychosocial effects of mass conflict on PTSD symptoms and functional impairment amongst West Papuan refugees resettled in Papua New Guinea (PNG)." Soc Sci Med 132: 70-78
    167. Tay, A. K., et al. (2015). "Pathways from conflict-related trauma and ongoing adversity to posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms amongst West Papuan refugees: The mediating role of anxiety and panic-like symptoms." Comprehensive psychiatry 63: 36-45
    168. Tay, A. K., et al. (2015). "Pathways involving traumatic losses, worry about family, adult separation anxiety and posttraumatic stress symptoms amongst refugees from West Papua." Journal of anxiety disorders 35: 1-8
    169. Tay, A. K., et al. (2015). "The structure of post-traumatic stress disorder and complex post-traumatic stress disorder amongst West Papuan refugees." BMC Psychiatry 15: 111
    170. Tay, A. K., et al. (2015). "The coherence and correlates of intermittent explosive disorder amongst West Papuan refugees displaced to Papua New Guinea." J Affect Disord 177: 86-94
    171. Tay, A. K., et al. (2015). "Associations of Conflict-Related Trauma and Ongoing Stressors with the Mental Health and Functioning of West Papuan Refugees in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea (PNG)." PLoS One 10(4): e0125178
    172. Tay, K., et al. (2013). "A mixed-method study of expert psychological evidence submitted for a cohort of asylum seekers undergoing refugee status determination in Australia." Soc Sci Med 98: 106-115
    173. Taylor, S. and R. K. Sidhu (2012). "Supporting Refugee Students in Schools: What Constitutes Inclusive Education?" International Journal of Inclusive Education 16(1): 39-56 
    174. Taylor, J. E., et al. (1996). "International migration and national development." Population Index 62(2): 181-212
    175. Tebruegge, M., et al. (2011). "Oral ivermectin for the treatment of pediculosis capitis." Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 30(4): 362-363
    176. Tebruegge, M., et al. (2010). "Discordance between TSTs and IFN-gamma release assays: the role of NTM and the relevance of mycobacterial sensitins." European Respiratory Journal 36(1): 214-215; author reply 215-216
    177. Teo, S. S., et al. (2015). "The epidemiology of tuberculosis in children in Australia, 2003-2012." Med J Aust 203(11): 440
    178. Terry, D., et al. (2011). "Asian migrants' lived experience and acculturation to Western health care in rural Tasmania." Aust J Rural Health 19(6): 318-323
    179. Thapliyal, N. and S. Baker (2018).  "Research with Former Refugees: Moving towards an Ethics in Practice." Australian Universities' Review 60(2): 49-56  
    180. Thomas, L. (2015). "Australian Border Force Act." Aust Nurs Midwifery J 23(2): 1
    181. Thomas, S., et al. (2010). "Refugee health." New South Wales Public Health Bulletin 21(3-4): 101-102
    182. Thompson, K. A., et al. (2015). "Malaria in Sydney, Australia: Lessons learned from case management." J Paediatr Child Health51(9): 920-923
    183. Thomson, K., et al. (2004). "Postnatal evaluation of vitamin D and bone health in women who were vitamin D-deficient in pregnancy, and in their infants.[Erratum appears in Med J Aust. 2005 Jan 3;182(1):48 Note: Thompson, Katherine [corrected to Thomson, Katherine]]." Medical Journal of Australia 181(9): 486-488
    184. Tilley, D. M., et al. (2015). "Treatment and disease outcomes of migrants from low- and middle-income countries in the Australian HIV Observational Database cohort." AIDS Care 27(11): 1410-1417
    185. Timlin, M., et al. (2020). "Building capacity in primary health care to respond to the needs of asylum seekers and refugees in Melbourne, Australia: the 'GP Engagement." Aust J Prim Health. 2020 Feb 3. doi: 10.1071/PY18190. Online ahead of print.
    186. Ting, J. (2015). "Silence of advanced nations on the refugee crisis is shameful." BMJ 350: h3354
    187. Tiong, A., et al. (2006). "Lessons from malaria screening for newly arrived refugees." Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health 30(1): 83-84
    188. Tiong, A. C. D., et al. (2006). "Health issues in newly arrived African refugees attending general practice clinics in Melbourne." Medical Journal of Australia 185(11-12): 602-606
    189. Todkari, N. (2018).  "Female genital mutilation: an update for primary health-care professionals." J Prim Health Care 10(2): 110-113  
    190. Toms, C., et al. (2017).  "Tuberculosis notifications in Australia, 2014." Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 41(3): E247-e263  
    191. Toms, C., et al. (2015). "Tuberculosis notifications in Australia, 2012 and 2013." Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 39(2): E217-235
    192. Torlinska J, et al. (2020). "Financial hardship and health in a refugee population in Australia: A longitudinal study." J Migr Health. 1-2:100030.
    193. Tozer, M., et al. (2018).  "Protective Factors Contributing to Wellbeing among Refugee Youth in Australia." Journal of Psychologists and Counsellors in Schools 28(1): 66-83  
    194. Tran, D. T., et al. (2015). "Effects of acculturation on lifestyle and health status among older Vietnam-born Australians." Asia Pac J Public Health 27(2): Np2259-2274
    195. Tran, D. T., et al. (2014). "Prevalence and risk factors of type 2 diabetes in older Vietnam-born Australians." J Community Health39(1): 99-107
    196. Tran, D. T., et al. (2014). "Type 2 diabetes hospitalisation and mortality in Vietnamese immigrants in Australia." Diabetes Res Clin Pract 104(1): e12-15
    197. Tran, T., et al. (2014). "Risk and preventive factors for type 2 diabetes and heart disease among foreign-born older Vietnamese Americans." Soc Work Health Care 53(2): 96-114
    198. Trauer, J. M. and V. L. Krause (2011). "Assessment and management of latent tuberculosis infection in a refugee population in the Northern Territory." Med J Aust 194(11): 579-582
    199. Trauer JM, et al. (2021). "Tuberculosis in migrants to Australia: Outcomes of a national screening program." Lancet Reg Health West Pac. 10:100135.
    200. Triggs, G. (2015). "The Forgotten Children: National Inquiry into Children in Immigration Detention 2014." Med J Aust 202(11): 553-555
    201. Triggs, G. (2013). "Mental health and immigration detention." Med J Aust 199(11): 721-722
    202. Trinh, L. T. T., et al. (2018).  "Caesarean section by country of birth in New South Wales, Australia." Women Birth  
    203. Trinh, L. T. T., et al. (2018).  "Caesarean section among immigrants with different obstetrical risks." Int J Nurs Pract  
    204. Tsao, Y., et al. (2016). "A Comparison of Life Stress and Depressive Symptoms in Pregnant Taiwanese and Immigrant Women." J Nurs Res
    205. Tuckerman J, et al. (2021). "Revision of the Australian Immunisation Register Should be Considered to Meet the Needs of Migrant Children." J Paediatr Child Health. 57(9):1548.
    206. Turkmani, S., et al. (2020). "Understanding the Experiences and Needs of Migrant Women Affected by Female Genital Mutilation Using Maternity Services in Australia." Int J Environ Res Public Health 17(5).
    207. Turkmani, S., et al. (2018).  "Maternity care experiences and health needs of migrant women from female genital mutilation-practicing countries in high-income contexts: A systematic review and meta-synthesis." Birth  
    208. Turnour, C. E., et al. (2011). "Prevalence of chronic hepatitis B in South Western Sydney: evaluation of the country of birth method using maternal seroprevalence data." Aust N Z J Public Health 35(1): 22-26
    209. Tyler, L., et al. (2014). "Infant feeding practices among Sudanese women now living in regional south east Queensland, Australia." Breastfeed Rev 22(3): 13-19

    Immigrant health clinic resources. Updated: Sep 2022. Authors: Anthea Rhodes, Vanessa Clifford, Daniel Engelman, Shidan Tosif, Karen Kiang, Sophie Oldfield, Tom Volkman, Ingrid Laemmle-Ruff, Linny Phuong, Eva Sudbury, Georgie Paxton. Contact: or