Research by author N - R

    1. Naidoo, L. (2010). "Engaging the Refugee Community of Greater Western Sydney." Issues in Educational Research 20(1): 47-56 
    2. Naidoo, L. (2009). "A Structuration Theory Analysis of the Refugee Action Support Program in Greater Western Sydney." Australian Journal of Teacher Education 34(4): 40-50 
    3. Naidoo, L. (2009). "Developing Social Inclusion through After-School Homework Tutoring: A Study of African Refugee Students in Greater Western Sydney." British Journal of Sociology of Education 30(3): 261-273 
    4. Naidoo, L. (2008). "Supporting African Refugees in Greater Western Sydney: A Critical Ethnography of After-School Homework Tutoring Centres." Educational Research for Policy and Practice 7(3): 139-150 
    5. Naing, C., et al. (2018).  "Inter-sectoral approaches for the prevention and control of malaria among the mobile and migrant populations: a scoping review." Malar J 17(1): 430  
    6. Nang, C., et al. (2019). "The experiences of migrants to Australia who stutter." J Fluency Disord 62: 105723.
    7. Napwanga, E. S. P., et al. (2020). "Appropriateness of the Asylum Seeker Resource Centre-adapted Refugee Health Assessment Tool." Aust J Prim Health 26(2): 132-139.
    8. Natoli, L., et al. (2008). "Reducing harmful traditional practices in Adjibar, Ethiopia: lessons learned from the Adjibar Safe Motherhood Project." Contemporary Nurse 29(1): 110-119
    9. Nayna Schwerdtle P, et al. (2020). "A Meta-Synthesis of Policy Recommendations Regarding Human Mobility in the Context of Climate Change." Int J Environ Res Public Health. 17(24):9342.
    10. Neale, A. and A. Wand (2013). "Issues in the evaluation and treatment of anxiety and depression in migrant women in the perinatal period." Australas Psychiatry
    11. Neale, A., et al. (2007). "Health services utilisation and barriers for settlers from the Horn of Africa." Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health 31(4): 333-335
    12. Nelson, J., et al. (1997). "Consanguineous marriage and its clinical consequences in migrants to Australia." Clinical Genetics 52(3): 142-146
    13. Netfa, F., et al. (2020). "Knowledge, Attitudes and Perceptions of Immigrant Parents Towards Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccination: A Systematic Review." Trop Med Infect Dis 5(2).
    14. Newman, K., et al. (2018).  "Nutritional assessment of resettled paediatric refugees in Western Australia." J Paediatr Child Health  
    15. Newman, L. (2016). "Asylum seekers and refugees - how should psychiatry respond?" Australas Psychiatry 24(1): 5-6
    16. Newman, L. (2013). "Seeking asylum-trauma, mental health, and human rights: an Australian perspective." J Trauma Dissociation14(2): 213-223
    17. Newman, L., et al. (2013). "Seeking asylum in Australia: immigration detention, human rights and mental health care." Australas Psychiatry 21(4): 315-320
    18. Newman, L. K. (2012). "Seeking asylum: health and human rights in Australia." Med J Aust 197(11): 596-597
    19. Newman, L., et al. (2010). "Mental illness in Australian immigration detention centres." Lancet 375(9723): 1344-1345
    20. Newman, L. K. and Z. Steel (2008). "The child asylum seeker: psychological and developmental impact of immigration detention." Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America 17(3): 665-683,
    21. Newman L, et al. (2020). "Pervasive refusal syndrome in child asylum seekers on Nauru. Australas Psychiatry." 28(5):585-588.
    22. Ng Chok, H., et al. (2018).  "Experiences of registered nurses from a refugee background: A scoping review." J Clin Nurs 27(7-8): e1275-e1283  
    23. Ng Chok H, et al. (2021). “Milestones in the journey: The story of refugees becoming registered nurses in Australia.” J Adv Nurs. 77(11):4525-4536.
    24. Ngum Chi Watts, M. C., et al. (2015). "Early motherhood: a qualitative study exploring the experiences of African Australian teenage mothers in greater Melbourne, Australia." BMC Public Health 15: 873
    25. Ngum Chi Watts, M. C., et al. (2014). "Contraception knowledge and attitudes: truths and myths among African Australian teenage mothers in Greater Melbourne, Australia." J Clin Nurs 23(15-16): 2131-2141
    26. Ngum Chi Watts, M. C., et al. (2013). "Contraception knowledge and attitudes: truths and myths among African Australian teenage mothers in Greater Melbourne, Australia." J Clin Nurs
    27. Nichols, S., et al. (2012). Resourcing Early Learners: New Networks, New Actors. Routledge Research in Education, Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. 7625 Empire Drive, Florence, KY 41042. Tel: 800-634-7064; Fax: 800-248-4724; e-mail:; Web site:
    28. Nickerson A, et al. (2019). 'Tell Your Story': a randomized controlled trial of an online intervention to reduce mental health stigma and increase help-seeking in refugee men with posttraumatic stress. Psychol Med. 781-792.
    29. Nickerson, A., et al. (2019). "The association between visa insecurity and mental health, disability and social engagement in refugees living in Australia." Eur J Psychotraumatol 10(1): 1688129
    30. Nickerson, A., et al. (2019). "Longitudinal association between trust, psychological symptoms and community engagement in resettled refugees." Psychol Med 49(10): 1661-1669.
    31. Nickerson, A., et al. (2018).  "Longitudinal association between trust, psychological symptoms and community engagement in resettled refugees." Psychol Med 1-9  
    32. Nickerson, A., et al. (2017). "Comorbidity of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depression in Tortured, Treatment-Seeking Refugees." J Trauma Stress. 2017 Aug 1.
    33. Nickerson, A., et al. (2015). "Emotion dysregulation mediates the relationship between trauma exposure, post-migration living difficulties and psychological outcomes in traumatized refugees." J Affect Disord 173: 185-192
    34. Nickerson, A., et al. (2015). "Moral Injury in Traumatized Refugees." Psychother Psychosom 84(2): 122-123
    35. Nickerson, A., et al. (2014). "Posttraumatic stress disorder and prolonged grief in refugees exposed to trauma and loss." BMC Psychiatry 14: 106
    36. Nickerson, A., et al. (2011). "A critical review of psychological treatments of posttraumatic stress disorder in refugees." Clin Psychol Rev 31(3): 399-417
    37. Nickerson, A., et al. (2011). "Change in visa status amongst Mandaean refugees: relationship to psychological symptoms and living difficulties." Psychiatry Res 187(1-2): 267-274
    38. Nickerson, A., et al. (2011). "The familial influence of loss and trauma on refugee mental health: a multilevel path analysis." J Trauma Stress 24(1): 25-33
    39. Nickerson, A., et al. (2010). "The impact of fear for family on mental health in a resettled Iraqi refugee community." Journal of psychiatric research 44(4): 229-235
    40. Nickerson, A., et al. (2009). "Fear of cultural extinction and psychopathology among Mandaean refugees: an exploratory path analysis." CNS neuroscience & therapeutics 15(3): 227-236
    41. Nicol, P., et al. (2015). "Caries burden and efficacy of a referral pathway in a cohort of preschool refugee children." Aust Dent J60(1): 73-79
    42. Nicol, P., et al. (2014). "Informing a culturally appropriate approach to oral health and dental care for pre-school refugee children: a community participatory study." BMC Oral Health 14: 69
    43. Nilaweera, I., et al. (2014). "Prevalence, nature and determinants of postpartum mental health problems among women who have migrated from South Asian to high-income countries: a systematic review of the evidence." J Affect Disord 166: 213-226
    44. Niner, S., et al. (2014). ""Here nobody holds your heart": metaphoric and embodied emotions of birth and displacement among Karen women in Australia." Med Anthropol Q 28(3): 362-380
    45. Niner, S., et al. (2013). "Displaced mothers: birth and resettlement, gratitude and complaint." Med Anthropol 32(6): 535-551
    46. Nithianandan N,. et al. (2016). “Factors affecting implementation of perinatal mental health screening in women of refugee background.” Implement Sci.18;11(1):150.
    47. Njue, C., et al. (2020). "Models of maternal and child healthcare for African refugees: protocol for an exploratory, mixed-methods study." BMJ Open 10(6): e038162.
    48. Njue, C., et al. (2019). "Preventing female genital mutilation in high income countries: a systematic review of the evidence." Reprod Health 16(1): 113
    49. Njue C, et al. (2021). “Geographical Access to Child and Family Healthcare Services and Hospitals for Africa-Born Migrants and Refugees in NSW, Australia; A Spatial Study.” Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Dec 15;18(24):13205.
    50. Njue C, et al. (2022). “Models of Maternal Healthcare for African refugee women in High-Income Countries: A Systematic Review.” Midwifery. 104:103187.
    51. Norma, C. and O. Garcia-Caro (2016). "Gender Problems in the Practice of Professional Interpreters Assisting Migrant Women in Australia: A Theoretical Case for Feminist Education." Violence Against Women
    52. Northam, H. L., et al. (2015). "Developing graduate student competency in providing culturally sensitive end of life care in critical care environments - a pilot study of a teaching innovation." Aust Crit Care 28(4): 189-195
    53. Noureddin, M. and R. Gish (2014). "Hepatitis delta: epidemiology, diagnosis and management 36 years after discovery." Curr Gastroenterol Rep 16(1): 365
    54. Novak A, et al. (2021). "Identification, management and care of refugee patients at a metropolitan public health service: a healthcare worker perspective." Aust Health Rev. 338-343.
    55. Nowson, C. A., et al. (2012). "Vitamin D and health in adults in Australia and New Zealand: a position statement." Med J Aust196(11): 686-687
    56. Nozza, J. M. and C. P. Rodda (2001). "Vitamin D deficiency in mothers of infants with rickets." Medical Journal of Australia175(5): 253-255
    57. Nunn, K. P., et al. (2014). "Pervasive refusal syndrome (PRS) 21 years on: a re-conceptualisation and a renaming." Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 23(3): 163-172
    58. O'Brien, S. F., et al. (2015). "The Epidemiology of Imported Malaria and Transfusion Policy in 5 Nonendemic Countries." Transfus Med Rev 29(3): 162-171
    59. O'Brien, D. P., et al. (2006). "Illness in returned travelers and immigrants/refugees: the 6-year experience of two Australian infectious diseases units." Journal of Travel Medicine 13(3): 145-152
    60. O'Donnell AW, et al. (2020). "The long-term financial and psychological resettlement outcomes of pre-migration trauma and post-settlement difficulties in resettled refugees." Soc Sci Med.113246.
    61. O'Donoghue, B., et al. (2020). "Risk of psychotic disorders in migrants to Australia." Psychol Med: 1-9.
    62. O'Donoghue, B., et al. (2015). "Social environmental risk factors for transition to psychosis in an Ultra-High Risk population." Schizophr Res 161(2-3): 150-155
    63. O'Donovan, K. and T. I. Emeto (2018).  "Mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Australia and other high-income countries: Trends in perinatal exposure, demography and uptake of prevention strategies." Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 58(5): 499-505  
    64. O'Driscoll, T., et al. (2014). "A systematic literature review of sport and physical activity participation in culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) migrant populations." J Immigr Minor Health 16(3): 515-530
    65. O'Mara B,et al. (2021) "Telehealth, COVID-19 and Refugees and Migrants in Australia: Policy and Related Barriers and Opportunities for More Inclusive Health and Technology Systems." Int J Health Policy Manag.
    66. O'Reilly, S., et al. (2012). "Nutritional vulnerability seen within asylum seekers in Australia." J Immigr Minor Health 14(2): 356-360
    67. O'Reilly-de Brun, M., et al. (2016). "Using Participatory Learning & Action research to access and engage with 'hard to reach' migrants in primary healthcare research." BMC Health Serv Res 16(1): 25
    68. O'Reilly-de Brun, M., et al. (2015). "Involving migrants in the development of guidelines for communication in cross-cultural general practice consultations: a participatory learning and action research project." BMJ Open 5(9): e007092
    69. Ogunsiji, O., et al. (2018).  ""You take the private part of her body, ... you are taking a part of her life": Voices of circumcised African migrant women on female genital circumcision (FGC) in Australia." Health Care Women Int 1-22  
    70. Ogunsiji, O., et al. (2018).  ""I am still passionate despite the challenges": Nurses navigating the care for refugees." J Clin Nurs 27(17-18): 3335-3344  
    71. Ogunsiji, O., et al. (2017). "Breast cancer screening practices of African migrant women in Australia: a descriptive cross-sectional study."BMC Womens Health.  17(1):32
    72. Ogunsiji, O., et al. (2013). "Knowledge, attitudes and usage of cancer screening among West African migrant women." J Clin Nurs22(7-8): 1026-1033
    73. Ogunsiji, O., et al. (2012). "Suffering and smiling: West African immigrant women's experience of intimate partner violence." J Clin Nurs 21(11-12): 1659-1665
    74. Ogunsiji, O., et al. (2012). "Beginning again: West African women's experiences of being migrants in Australia." J Transcult Nurs23(3): 279-286
    75. Olaussen S.J., et al. (2016). "Establishing components of cultural competence healthcare models to better cater for the needs of migrants with disability: a systematic review." Aust J Prim Health. 22(2):100-12.
    76. Oldroyd JC, et al. (2021). “The experiences of children and adolescents undergoing forced separation from their parents during migration: A systematic review.” Health Soc Care Community. 2021 Oct 7.
    77. Oliver, R., et al. (2009). "Addressing the Educational Challenges Faced by African Refugee Background Students: Perceptions of Western Australian Stakeholders." TESOL in Context 19(1): 23-38 
    78. Oliver, G. and B. Harvey (1997). "Tuberculosis notifications in Australia, 1995." Commun Dis Intell 21(19): 261-269
    79. Onsando, G. and S. Billett (2017).  "Refugee Immigrants' Experiences of Racism and Racial Discrimination at Australian TAFE Institutes: A Transformative Psychosocial Approach." Journal of Vocational Education and Training 69(3): 333-350  
    80. Onsando, G. and S. Billett (2009). "African Students from Refugee Backgrounds in Australian TAFE Institutes: A Case for Transformative Learning Goals and Processes." International Journal of Training Research 7(2): 80-94 
    81. Owens, C., et al. (2016). "Perceptions of pregnancy experiences when using a community-based antenatal service: A qualitative study of refugee and migrant women in Perth, Western Australia." Women Birth 29(2): 128-137
    82. Owiti, J. A., et al. (2015). "Illness perceptions and explanatory models of viral hepatitis B & C among immigrants and refugees: a narrative systematic review." BMC Public Health 15: 151
    83. Palermo, C., et al. (2012). "Approaches for prioritising the nutritional needs of refugee communities." Aust J Prim Health 18(1): 11-16
    84. Pangas, J., et al. (2018).  "Refugee women's experiences negotiating motherhood and maternity care in a new country: A meta-ethnographic review." Int J Nurs Stud 90(31-45  
    85. Pasupuleti, S. S., et al. (2016).  "Effect Of Nativity And Duration Of Residence On Chronic Health Conditions Among Asian Immigrants In Australia: A Longitudinal Investigation." J Biosoc Sci 48(3): 322-341 
    86. Parajuli J, et al. (2020). “Best practice models recommended by Bhutanese refugee women for cervical and breast cancer screening in Australia: A qualitative study.” Health Promot J Austr. 31(3):381-390.
    87. Parajuli J, Horey D. (2021). "Reflections on researching vulnerable populations: Lessons from a study with Bhutanese refugee women." Nurs Inq. e12443.
    88. Parrish, M., et al. (2015). "Antenatal care for asylum seekers." Med J Aust 202(1): 12
    89. Patel P, et al. (2021). "Communication Experiences in Primary Healthcare with Refugees and Asylum Seekers: A Literature Review and Narrative Synthesis." Int J Environ Res Public Health. 18(4):1469.
    90. Patel P, et al. (2021). “Exploring the expectations, experiences and tensions of refugee patients and general practitioners in the quality of care in general practice.” Health Expect. 2021 Dec 23.
    91. Patradoon-Ho, P. S. and R. W. Ambler (2012). "Universal post-arrival screening for child refugees in Australia: isn't it time?" J Paediatr Child Health 48(2): 99-102
    92. Paulsen, I. K. (2018).  "Relationships, Relationality and Schooling: Opportunities and Challenges for Pacific Islander Learners in Melbourne's Western Suburbs." International Education Journal: Comparative Perspectives 17(3): 39-54  
    93. Paxton, G. A., et al. (2018).  "Catching up with catch-up: a policy analysis of immunisation for refugees and asylum seekers in Victoria." Aust J Prim Health  
    94. Paxton, G. A., et al. (2016). "No Jab, No Pay - no planning for migrant children."Med J Aust. 205(7):296-8.
    95. Paxton, G. A., et al. (2015). "The Royal Australasian College of Physicians position statement on refugee and asylum seeker health." Med J Aust 203(4): 176-177
    96. Paxton, G., et al. (2015). "Perspective: 'The forgotten children: national inquiry into children in immigration detention (2014)'." J Paediatr Child Health 51(4): 365-368
    97. Paxton, G. A., et al. (2013). "Vitamin D and health in pregnancy, infants, children and adolescents in Australia and New Zealand: a position statement." Med J Aust 198(3): 142-143
    98. Paxton, G. A., et al. (2012). "Lost and found: improving ascertainment of refugee-background Australians in population datasets." Med J Aust 197(10): 552-553
    99. Paxton, G. A., et al. (2012). "Post-arrival health screening in Karen refugees in Australia." PLoS One 7(5): e38194
    100. Paxton, G. A., et al. (2011). "East African immigrant children in Australia have poor immunisation coverage." Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health 47(12): 888-892
    101. Peach, E., et al. (2018).  "Aiming for 90-90-90 - the importance of understanding the risk factors for HIV exposure and advanced HIV infection in migrant populations and other groups who do not report male-to-male sex." Sex Health  
    102. Perkins, K. C., et al. (2016). "Dietary habits of Samoan adults in an urban Australian setting: a cross-sectional study." Public Health Nutr 19(5): 788-795
    103. Persson, A., et al. (2014). "Transmission and prevention of HIV among heterosexual populations in Australia." AIDS Educ Prev26(3): 245-255
    104. Peterson, P. (2020).  “Patients’ cultural and spiritual explanatory models in health encounters: a focus on the efficacy of cancer prevention strategies in women from South Sudan.” Aust J Primary Health 26(3) 227-233 
    105. Pham TTL, et al. (2021). “Intentional self-harm in culturally and linguistically diverse communities: A study of hospital admissions in Victoria, Australia.” Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Dec 9:48674211063421.
    106. Phan, T., et al. (2004). "An ethnographically derived measure of anxiety, depression and somatization: the Phan Vietnamese Psychiatric Scale." Transcultural Psychiatry 41(2): 200-232
    107. Phan, T. and D. Silove (1997). "The influence of culture on psychiatric assessment: the Vietnamese refugee." Psychiatric services48(1): 86-90
    108. Phillips, C. (2014). "Beyond resettlement: long-term care for people who have had refugee-like experiences." Aust Fam Physician43(11): 764-767
    109. Phillips, C. B., et al. (2011). "The Refugee Health Network of Australia: towards national collaboration on health care for refugees." Medical Journal of Australia 195(4): 185-186
    110. Phillips, C. B. (2010). "Immigration detention and health." Medical Journal of Australia 192(2): 61-62
    111. Phillips, C. and S. Narayanasamy (2010). "Proof of age required--estimating age in adults without birth records." Australian Family Physician 39(6): 518-521
    112. Phillips, C. B. and J. Benson (2007). "Better primary health care for refugees - catch up immunisation." Australian Family Physician36(6): 440-442, 444
    113. Phillips, C. B. and M. Patel (2006). "The switch to new conjugated vaccines may compromise immunisation coverage for refugees." Medical Journal of Australia 184(9): 473
    114. Phillips, C. B. and S. Manning (2004). "Temporary protection visas and child refugees." Medical Journal of Australia 181(3): 171-172
    115. Pirrone, A., et al. (2013). "Vitamin D deficiency awareness among African migrant women residing in high-rise public housing in Melbourne, Australia: a qualitative study." Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 22(2): 292-299
    116. Pittaway T, Dantas JAR. (2021). "I don't think marijuana counts as a drug": Drug & alcohol use amongst South Sudanese youth in Australia. J Ethn Subst Abuse. 1-18.
    117. Pokharel B, et al. (2021). “A Systematic Review of Culturally Competent Family Violence Responses to Women in Primary Care.” Trauma Violence Abuse. 15248380211046968.
    118. Pollett, S., et al. (2016). "Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Management of Extra-Pulmonary Tuberculosis in a Low-Prevalence Country: A Four Year Retrospective Study in an Australian Tertiary Infectious Diseases Unit." PLoS One 11(3): e0149372
    119. Polonsky, M. J., et al. (2011). ""They don't want our blood": social inclusion and blood donation among African migrants in Australia." Social Science & Medicine 73(2): 336-342
    120. Polonsky, M. J., et al. (2011). "Barriers to blood donation in African communities in Australia: the role of home and host country culture and experience." Transfusion 51(8): 1809-1819
    121. Posselt, M., et al. (2020). "Fostering mental health and well-being among workers who support refugees and asylum seekers in the Australian context." Health Soc Care Community 28(5):1658-70
    122. Posselt, M., et al. (2020). "The mental health status of asylum seekers in middle- to high-income countries: a synthesis of current global evidence." Br Med Bull
      . 2020 Jul 9;134(1):4-20. doi: 10.1093/bmb/ldaa010.
    123. Posselt, M., et al. (2019).  "Enablers of psychological well-being for refugees and asylum seekers living in transitional countries: A systematic review." Health Soc Care Community 27(4): 808-823.  
    124. Posselt, M., et al. (2015). "Merging perspectives: obstacles to recovery for youth from refugee backgrounds with comorbidity." Australas Psychiatry 23(3): 293-299
    125. Priest, N., et al. (2012). "Social and emotional outcomes of Australian children from Indigenous and culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds." Aust N Z J Public Health 36(2): 183-190 
    126. Procter, N. G., et al. (2018).  "Lethal hopelessness: Understanding and responding to asylum seeker distress and mental deterioration." Int J Ment Health Nurs 27(1): 448-454  
    127. Procter, N. G., et al. (2013). "Suicide and self-harm prevention for people in immigration detention." Med J Aust 199(11): 730-732
    128. Procter, N. (2013). "Engaging refugees and asylum seekers in suicidal crisis." Aust Nurs J 20(9): 44-45
    129. Procter, N. G. (2006). "'They first killed his heart (then) he took his own life'. Part 2: Practice implications." International Journal of Nursing Practice 12(1): 42-48
    130. Procter, N. G. (2005). "Providing emergency mental health care to asylum seekers at a time when claims for permanent protection have been rejected." International Journal of Mental Health Nursing 14(1): 2-6
    131. Procter, N. G. (2005). "A call for deeper scrutiny of mental health care for people in Australian immigration detention centres." International Journal of Mental Health Nursing 14(2): 70-71
    132. Procter, N. G. (2005). "Emergency mental health nursing for self-harming refugees and asylum seekers." International Journal of Mental Health Nursing 14(3): 196-201
    133. Procter, N. G. (2005). "'They first killed his heart (then) he took his own life'. Part 1: a review of the context and literature on mental health issues for refugees and asylum seekers." International Journal of Nursing Practice 11(6): 286-291
    134. Procter, N. (2004). "Emergency mental health nursing for refugees and asylum seekers." Australian Nursing Journal 12(6): 21-23
    135. Procter, N. G. (2004). "The mental health of moving asylum seekers from 'temporary' to 'permanent' protection visas: it's much more than a quick political fix." Contemporary Nurse 17(3): 179-182
    136. Procter, N. G. (2003). "Support to heal the scars of war." International Journal of Nursing Practice 9(4): 211-212
    137. Procter, N. G. (2002). "For refugees it's the heart that matters." International Journal of Mental Health Nursing 11(4): 276-277
    138. Procter, N. G. (1998). "Violent ethnic wars and world-wide people movement: implications for mental health nursing practice." Contemporary Nurse 7(3): 148-151
    139. Pugh, K., et al. (2012). "Inclusive Education for Students with Refugee Experience: Whole School Reform in a South Australian Primary School." Australian Educational Researcher 39(2): 125-141 
    140. Puvimanasinghe, T., et al. (2015). "Vicarious resilience and vicarious traumatisation: Experiences of working with refugees and asylum seekers in South Australia." Transcult Psychiatry 52(6): 743-765
    141. Quach, A., et al. (2015). "Gaps in smiles and services: a cross-sectional study of dental caries in refugee-background children." BMC Oral Health 15: 10
    142. Quinn, E., et al. (2014). "Improving ethnocultural data to inform public health responses to communicable diseases in Australia." Western Pac Surveill Response J 5(2): 1-4
    143. Rade, D. A., et al. (2018).  "Sexual Health Help-Seeking Behavior among Migrants from Sub-Saharan Africa and South East Asia living in High Income Countries: A Systematic Review." Int J Environ Res Public Health 15(7):  
    144. Rae, M., et al. (2018).  "Self-represented witnessing: the use of social media by asylum seekers in Australia's offshore immigration detention centres." Media Cult Soc 40(4): 479-495  
    145. Rahman MA, et al. (2021). "Reliability of the tools used to examine psychological distress, fear of COVID-19 and coping amongst migrants and non-migrants in Australia." Int J Ment Health Nurs. 30(3):747-758.
    146. Ramsay, S. C., et al. (2017).  "Migrant caregiving for family members with mild cognitive impairment: an ethnographic study." Contemp Nurse 53(3): 322-334  
    147. Raman, S., et al. (2009). "Matching health needs of refugee children with services: how big is the gap?" Aust N Z J Public Health33(5): 466-470
    148. Ranganathan, S., et al. (2007). "Interferon-gamma release assays in children--no better than tuberculin skin testing?" Journal of Infection 54(4): 412-413; author reply 414-415
    149. Rathnayake, D. and R. Sinclair (2014). "Tropical and exotic dermatoses and ulcers." Aust Fam Physician 43(9): 604-609
    150. Ratnamohan, L., et al. (2018).  "Ghosts, tigers and landmines in the nursery: Attachment narratives of loss in Tamil refugee children with dead or missing fathers." Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry 23(2): 294-310  
    151. Raymer, J. and B. Baffour (2018).  "Subsequent Migration of Immigrants Within Australia, 1981-2016." Popul Res Policy Rev 37(6): 1053-1077  
    152. Raymer, J., et al. (2018).  "The Sources and Diversity of Immigrant Population Change in Australia, 1981-2011." Demography 55(5): 1777-1802  
    153. Raymer, J. and A. Wisniowski (2018).  "Applying and testing a forecasting model for age and sex patterns of immigration and emigration." Popul Stud (Camb) 72(3): 339-355  
    154. Reed, R. V., et al. (2012). "Mental health of displaced and refugee children resettled in low-income and middle-income countries: risk and protective factors." Lancet 379(9812): 250-265 
    155. Rees, S. J., et al. (2019). "Prevalence and Risk Factors of Major Depressive Disorder Among Women at Public Antenatal Clinics From Refugee, Conflict-Affected, and Australian-Born Backgrounds." JAMA Netw Open 2(5): e193442.
    156. Rees, S., et al. (2016). "No justice in sight: The mental health and wellbeing of West Papuan refugees." Aust N Z J Psychiatry 50(1): 96-97
    157. Rees, S., et al. (2013). "Human rights trauma and the mental health of West Papuan refugees resettled in Australia." Med J Aust199(4): 280-283
    158. Rees, S. and D. Silove (2011). "Sakit Hati: A state of chronic mental distress related to resentment and anger amongst West Papuan refugees exposed to persecution." Social Science & Medicine 73(1): 103-110
    159. Rees, S., et al. (2009). "Dua sakit (double sick): trauma and the settlement experiences of West Papuan refugees living in North Queensland." Australasian psychiatry : bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists 17 Suppl 1: S128-132
    160. Rees, S. J., et al. (2008). "Health and human security in West Papua." Med J Aust 189(11-12): 641-643
    161. Rees, S. and D. Silove(2007). "Speaking out about human rights and health in West Papua." Lancet 370(9588): 637-639
    162. Reid, M. (2015). "Policies that kill." N Z Med J 128(1423): 7-9
    163. Reid, A., et al. (2014). "0129 Work related mortality and hospital admissions among migrant workers in Australia, 1991-2010." Occup Environ Med 71 Suppl 1: A15
    164. Reid, A., et al. (2014). "0131 Taking risks and survival jobs: foreign-born workers and work-related injuries in Australia." Occup Environ Med 71 Suppl 1: A15
    165. Reid, A. (2012). "Under-use of migrants' employment skills linked to poorer mental health." Aust N Z J Public Health 36(2): 120-125
    166. Reid, J., et al. (1990). "The development of the New South Wales Service for the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture and Trauma Survivors (STARTTS): the first year." The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry 24(4): 486-495
    167. Reiss, K., et al. (2015). "Factors associated with smoking in immigrants from non-western to western countries - what role does acculturation play? A systematic review." Tob Induc Dis 13(1): 11
    168. Renzaho, A. M. N. (2017).  "Dissecting and customising the Childhood Obesity Prevention Advisory Council (COPAC): the development and application of a community engagement framework to improve childhood obesity prevention among migrant populations." Glob Health Action 10(1): 1321822  
    169. Renzaho, A., et al. (2015). "Addressing migration-related social and health inequalities in Australia: call for research funding priorities to recognise the needs of migrant populations." Aust Health Rev
    170. Renzaho, A. M., et al. (2015). "The Healthy Migrant Families Initiative: development of a culturally competent obesity prevention intervention for African migrants." BMC Public Health 15: 272
    171. Renzaho, A. M. and J. C. Oldroyd (2014). "Closing the gap in maternal and child health: a qualitative study examining health needs of migrant mothers in Dandenong, Victoria, Australia." Matern Child Health J 18(6): 1391-1402
    172. Renzaho, A. M., et al. (2014). "Obesity, type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure amongst recently arrived Sudanese refugees in Queensland, Australia." J Immigr Minor Health 16(1): 86-94
    173. Renzaho, A. M. and M. J. Polonsky (2013). "The influence of acculturation, medical mistrust, and perceived discrimination on knowledge about blood donation and blood donation status." Transfusion 53 Suppl 5: 162S-171S
    174. Renzaho, A., et al. (2013). "Demographic and socio-cultural correlates of medical mistrust in two Australian States: Victoria and South Australia." Health Place 24: 216-224
    175. Renzaho, A. M. and M. J. Polonsky (2012). "Examining demographic and socio-economic correlates of accurate knowledge about blood donation among African migrants in Australia." Transfus Med 22(5): 321-331
    176. Renzaho, A. M., et al. (2012). "Intergenerational differences in food, physical activity, and body size perceptions among African migrants." Qual Health Res 22(6): 740-754
    177. Renzaho, A. M., et al. (2011). "Family functioning, parental psychological distress, child behavioural problems, socio-economic disadvantage and fruit and vegetable consumption among 4-12 year-old Victorians, Australia." Health promotion international 26(3): 263-275
    178. Renzaho, A. M. N., et al. (2011). "Vitamin D, obesity, and obesity-related chronic disease among ethnic minorities: a systematic review." Nutrition 27(9): 868-879
    179. Renzaho, A. M., et al. (2011). "Prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease among African migrant and refugee adults in Melbourne: a pilot study." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 20(3): 397-403
    180. Renzaho, A. M. and D. Mellor (2010). "Food security measurement in cultural pluralism: missing the point or conceptual misunderstanding?" Nutrition 26(1): 1-9
    181. Renzaho, A. M. N., et al. (2010). "Preventing gestational diabetes mellitus among migrant women and reducing obesity and type 2 diabetes in their offspring: a call for culturally competent lifestyle interventions in pregnancy." Journal of the American Dietetic Association 110(12): 1814-1817
    182. Renzaho, A. M. N., et al. (2010). "Effectiveness of prevention programmes for obesity and chronic diseases among immigrants to developed countries - a systematic review." Public Health Nutrition 13(3): 438-450
    183. Renzaho, A. M. N., et al. (2009). "Over and undernutrition in the children of Australian immigrants: Assessing the influence of birthplace of primary carer and English language use at home on the nutritional status of 4-5-year-olds." International Journal of Pediatric Obesity 4(2): 73-80
    184. Renzaho, A. (2008). "Re-visioning cultural competence in community health services in Victoria." Australian Health Review 32(2): 223-235
    185. Renzaho, A. M. N., et al. (2008). "Maintenance of traditional cultural orientation is associated with lower rates of obesity and sedentary behaviours among African migrant children to Australia." International Journal of Obesity 32(4): 594-600
    186. Renzaho, A. (2007). "Ischaemic heart disease and Australian immigrants: the influence of ethnicity and language skills on treatment and use of health services." Health Information Management Journal 36(2): 26-36
    187. Renzaho, A. M. N., et al. (2006). "Obesity and undernutrition in sub-Saharan African immigrant and refugee children in Victoria, Australia." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 15(4): 482-490
    188. Renzaho, A. M. N. (2004). "Fat, rich and beautiful: changing socio-cultural paradigms associated with obesity risk, nutritional status and refugee children from sub-Saharan Africa." Health & Place 10(1): 105-113
    189. Renzaho, A. M. and C. Burns (2003). "More, more, more: food, fat and African refugee and migrant children." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 12(Suppl): S26
    190. Renzaho, A. M. N. (2002). "Selective feeding centres in refugee settings: evaluation framework protocol." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 11(3): 237-245
    191. Rew, K. T., et al. (2014). "Immigrant and refugee health: cross-cultural communication." FP Essent 423: 30-39
    192. Rew, K. T., et al. (2014). "Immigrant and refugee health: common infectious diseases." FP Essent 423: 24-29
    193. Rew, K. T., et al. (2014). "Immigrant and refugee health: mental health conditions." FP Essent 423: 19-23
    194. Rew, K. T., et al. (2014). "Immigrant and refugee health: medical evaluation." FP Essent 423: 11-18
    195. Reynolds, P. N., et al. (2011). "Cross-border patients with tuberculosis." Med J Aust 195(9): 523-524
    196. Rezaei O, et al. (2021). “Integration Experiences of Former Afghan Refugees in Australia: What Challenges Still Remain after Becoming Citizens?” Int J Environ Res Public Health. 18(19):10559.
    197. Rice, J. E., et al. (2003). "Screening for intestinal parasites in recently arrived children from East Africa." Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health 39(6): 456-459
    198. Riggs E,et al. (2021). "Group Pregnancy Care for refugee background women: a codesigned, multimethod evaluation protocol applying a community engagement framework and an interrupted time series design." BMJ Open. 11(7):e048271.
    199. Riggs E., et al. (2017). Refugee child oral health. Oral Dis.;23(3):292-299.
    200. Riggs, E., et al. (2016). "Cultural safety and belonging for refugee background women attending group pregnancy care: An Australian qualitative study." Birth. 44(2):145-152.
    201. Riggs, E., et al. (2016). "'We are all scared for the baby': promoting access to dental services for refugee background women during pregnancy." BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 16(1): 12
    202. Riggs, E., et al. (2016). "Fatherhood in a New Country: A Qualitative Study Exploring the Experiences of Afghan Men and Implications for Health Services." Birth 43(1): 86-92
    203. Riggs, E., et al. (2015). "Breaking down the barriers: a qualitative study to understand child oral health in refugee and migrant communities in Australia." Ethn Health 20(3): 241-257
    204. Riggs, E., et al. (2015). "Promoting the inclusion of Afghan women and men in research: reflections from research and community partners involved in implementing a 'proof of concept' project." Int J Equity Health 14: 13
    205. Riggs, E., et al. (2014). "Working better together: new approaches for understanding the value and challenges of organizational partnerships." Health Promot Int 29(4): 780-793
    206. Riggs, E., et al. (2014). "Hard to reach communities or hard to access services? Migrant mothers' experiences of dental services." Aust Dent J 59(2): 201-207
    207. Riggs, E., et al. (2014). "Assessing the cultural competence of oral health research conducted with migrant children." Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 42(1): 43-52
    208. Riggs, E., et al. (2012). "Accessing maternal and child health services in Melbourne, Australia: reflections from refugee families and service providers." BMC Health Serv Res 12: 117
    209. Ritz, N., et al. (2012). "The influence of bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccine strain on the immune response against tuberculosis: a randomized trial." American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine 185(2): 213-222
    210. Ritz, N., et al. (2011). "Absence of interferon-gamma release assay conversion following tuberculin skin testing." International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease 15(6): 767-769
    211. Ritz, N., et al. (2009). "Too much of a good thing: management of BCG vaccine overdose." Vaccine 27(41): 5562-5564
    212. Ritz, N., et al. (2009). "Susceptibility of Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccine strains to antituberculous antibiotics." Antimicrobial Agents & Chemotherapy 53(1): 316-318
    213. Ritz, N., et al. (2008). "To BCG or not to BCG? Preventing travel-associated tuberculosis in children." Vaccine 26(47): 5905-5910
    214. Roberts, B. and N. Ezard (2015). "Why are we not doing more for alcohol use disorder among conflict-affected populations?" Addiction 110(6): 889-890
    215. Roberts, T., et al. (2015). "Molecular epidemiology of imported cases of leishmaniasis in Australia from 2008 to 2014." PLoS One10(3): e0119212
    216. Robinson, P. D., et al. (2006). "The re-emerging burden of rickets: a decade of experience from Sydney." Archives of Disease in Childhood 91(7): 564-568
    217. Robinson K, et al. (2021). "Disrupting Human Rights: A Social Work Response to the Lockdown of Social Housing Residents." Br J Soc Work. 51(5):1700-1719.
    218. Robotin MC, et al. (2021). "Hepatitis B and Liver Cancer: Community Awareness, Knowledge and Beliefs of Middle Eastern Migrants in Sydney, Australia." Int J Environ Res Public Health. 18(16):8534.
    219. Robotin, M. C., et al. (2014). "Community-based prevention of hepatitis-B-related liver cancer: Australian insights." Bull World Health Organ 92(5): 374-379
    220. Robbers, G. M. L. and A. Morgan (2017).  "Programme potential for the prevention of and response to sexual violence among female refugees: a literature review." Reprod Health Matters 25(51): 69-89  
    221. Roche, P. W., et al. (2008). "Tuberculosis notifications in Australia, 2006." Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 32(1): 1-11
    222. Roche, P., et al. (2007). "Tuberculosis notifications in Australia, 2005." Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 31(1): 71-80
    223. Roche, P. W., et al. (2006). "Tuberculosis notifications in Australia, 2004." Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 30(1): 93-101
    224. Roche, P., et al. (2001). "Tuberculosis notifications in Australia, 1999." Commun Dis Intell Q Rep 25(4): 254-260
    225. Rodrigues, M. A., et al. (2018).  "Australian dermatologists' perspective on skin of colour: Results of a national survey." Australas J Dermatol 59(1): e23-e30  
    226. Rodriguez-Jimenez, A. and S. M. Gifford (2010). ""Finding Voice": Learnings and Insights from a Participatory Media Project with Recently Arrived Afghan Young Men with Refugee Backgrounds." Youth Studies Australia 29(2): 33-41 
    227. Rogers, C. and J. Earnest (2015). "Sexual and reproductive health communication among Sudanese and Eritrean women: an exploratory study from Brisbane, Australia." Cult Health Sex 17(2): 223-236
    228. Rogers, C. and J. Earnest (2014). "A cross-generational study of contraception and reproductive health among Sudanese and Eritrean women in Brisbane, Australia." Health Care Women Int 35(3): 334-356
    229. Rogers, H. J., et al. (2020). "Responding to the health needs of women from migrant and refugee backgrounds-Models of maternity and postpartum care in high-income countries: A systematic scoping review." Health Soc Care Community.
    230. Rosenthal, T. (2014). "The effect of migration on hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors: a review." J Am Soc Hypertens8(3): 171-191
    231. Ross, L., et al. (2016). "Improving the management and care of refugees in Australian hospitals: a descriptive study." Aust Health Rev
    232. Rosso, E. and R. McGrath (2016). "Promoting physical activity among children and youth in disadvantaged South Australian CALD communities through alternative community sport opportunities." Health Promot J Austr
    233. Roth P, et al. (2021). "Knowledge and perceptions around self-management of type 2 diabetes among a Sudanese community in Australia: A qualitative study." Health Promot J Austr.
    234. Rouzi, A. A. and F. Alturki (2015). "Female genital mutilation/cutting: an update." Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol 42(3): 300-303
    235. Rowe, R., et al. (2018).  "What is the alcohol, tobacco, and other drug prevalence among culturally and linguistically diverse groups in the Australian population? A national study of prevalence, harms, and attitudes." J Ethn Subst Abuse 1-18  
    236. Rowcliffe C., et al. (2016). “The impact of detention on children and adolescents.” J Paediatr Child Health.;52(9):912-3.
    237. Rowland, B., et al. (2014). "The relationship between the density of alcohol outlets and parental supply of alcohol to adolescents." Addict Behav 39(12): 1898-1903
    238. Russell GM, et al. (2021). “OPTIMISE: a pragmatic stepped wedge cluster randomised trial of an intervention to improve primary care for refugees in Australia.” Med J Aust. 215(9):420-426.
    239. Russo A, et al. (2019). “Family planning and Afghan refugee women and men living in Melbourne, Australia: new opportunities and transcultural tensions.” Cult Health Sex. 22(8):937-953.
    240. Russo, A., et al. (2015). "A qualitative exploration of the emotional wellbeing and support needs of new mothers from Afghanistan living in Melbourne, Australia." BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 15: 197
    241. Ruwanpathirana, T., et al. (2015). "Can oral vitamin D prevent the cardiovascular diseases among migrants in Australia? Provider perspective using Markov modelling." Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 42(6): 596-601
    242. Ruwanpathirana, T., et al. (2014). "Assessment of vitamin D and its association with cardiovascular disease risk factors in an adult migrant population: an audit of patient records at a Community Health Centre in Kensington, Melbourne, Australia." BMC Cardiovasc Disord 14: 157
    243. Ryan, K. (2011). "Mental health care for exploring detainees: a fundamental recovery human right." Aust Nurs J 19(4): 37
    244. Rye, E., et al. (2018).  "ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction in a Migrant Population: a Registry Based Study of Patient Treatment and Outcomes." Intern Med J  

    Immigrant health clinic resources . Updated: Sep 2022, Authors: Anthea Rhodes, Vanessa Clifford, Daniel Engelman, Shidan Tosif, Karen Kiang, Sophie Oldfield, Tom Volkman, Ingrid Laemmle-Ruff, Linny Phuong, Eva Sudbury, Dr Georgie Paxton Contact: or