In this section
Glucagon is very safe to use.
It is a hormone that raises the blood glucose level by
telling the liver to release stored glucose into the bloodstream.
The GlucaGen® HypoKit® is used if someone has a very low blood glucose and they
Position the person on their left side in the recovery position to prevent anything from being breathed into the lungs. Leave them in the position until they want to move.
1. Remove the orange
plastic cap from the bottle of white powder (glucagon) and the needle guard
from the syringe containing sterile water
2. Inject all the
water into the bottle containing glucagon.
Gently agitate so the glucagon will dissolve into the fluid
withdrawing the needle turn the bottle upside down
4. Draw up the
solution into the syringe. You will need to withdraw the needle slightly to get
all the solution
Note: only 0.5ml
(half) for children less than 25 kg
5. Now inject all the
glucagon just as you would an insulin injection
an ambulance 000. State the person has type 1 diabetes and is having a severe
When the ambulance arrives, they will assess
if your child needs additional assistance is required.
Glucagon may take 5 to 15 minutes to work, the most common side effects of Glucagon are nausea, vomiting or fast heart rate
Once rousable, encourage sipping on sugary fluids.
Within the hour it is important to eat some low GI carbohydrate, such as bread or
milk. This will maintain blood glucose levels and replace the glucaose liver stores
released by the glucagon
Continue to monitor BGLs as follows:
1. Check BGL's every 15 minutes for the next hour
2. Continue to check BGL's hourly for the next 4 hours
Blood glucose levels are often elevated
following a severe hypo. Any high blood
glucose levels after a severe hypo requiring glucagon should not be corrected
with extra insulin for 24 hours.
Contact your diabetes team to review insulin doses and further management over
next 24 hours if glucagon has been needed.
TIP: At purchase check the
“use by” date of your kit.
Set a reminder for when it
needs to be replaced.
TIP: Glucagon does not have to be stored in the fridge but
keeping it in the fridge will mean it can be easily located in your home.