Centre for Adolescent Health

The Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire

  • Note: this is a past research project that is now complete.

    Background

    Researchers at the Centre for Adolescent Health have developed a new measure of resilience. The Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire (ARQ) looks at strengths within:

    • self 
    • family 
    • peer group 
    • school 
    • community

    This new measure of resilience provides a tool to measure a young person's ability to reach positive outcomes despite life challenges. 

    Development of the questionnaire

    The questionnaire was created from an extensive review of resilience literature and focus groups with young people living with a chronic illness.  The questionnaire has been completed by: 

    • A sample of adolescents with a chronic illness, focus groups of adolescents (Time 1)
    • A sample of secondary school students (Time 2)

    At each time point, these data were used to revise the questionnaire using factor and scale analyses to:

    • Develop scales 
    • Identify and keep best items with respect to psychometric performance

    Description of The Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire

    • Brief self-report questionnaire
    • 84 items
    • 12 sub-scales shown below
      Cronbach AlphaNumber of items 
    SelfNegative cognition 

    0.83

    8

     Confidence (self and future)

    0.81 

    8

     Emotional insight 

    0.71 

     Empathy / Tolerance 

    0.66 

     Social skills 

    0.68 

    Family Connectedness 

    0.86 

     Availability 

    0.80 

    Peers Connectedness 

    0.80 

     Availability 

    0.64 

    School Connectedness 

    0.66 

    Supportive Environment

    0.80

    8

    CommunityConnectedness

    0.87

    6

    Funders

    Bluey Cop Funds (Victoria Police)

    MCRI Trainee Research Scholarship

    Contact

    Deirdre Gartland

    deirdre.gartland@mcri.edu.au