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Endocrinology and Diabetes

Thyroid disorders

  • What are thyroid disorders?

     The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck, just below the thyroid cartilage (Adam’s apple). Hormones produced by the thyroid affect all aspects of a child’s health including heart rate, energy metabolism (how effectively the body uses calories), growth and development.

     Common thyroid disorders are:

    • Hypothyroidism (for examples autoimmune thyroiditis, congenital hypothyroidism)
    • Hyperthyroidism (for example Grave's disease)

    The majority of children with thyroid disorders will achieve normal growth and development, if managed well. This usually requires frequent checks and blood tests while the child is still growing.  


    For health professionals

    Congenital hypothyroidism

    APEG guidelines for management of congenital hypothyroidism


    Post-thyroidectomy guideline to prevent hypocalcaemia

    All patients requiring thyroidectomy should be discussed with the endocrinology inpatient team prior to surgery.

    Please see the following guidelines for management of children and adolescents after total thyroidectomy to prevent hypocalcaemia:




    For patient and families


    General information regarding thyroiditis


    Hormone and me booklets: 

    Congenital hypothyroidism

    Thyroid disorders of childhood