Vitamin D deficiency - Appendices

  • Vitamin D supplements photo board

     

     Vitamin_D_supplements

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    Calcium
     Intake: 

    http://www.rch.org.au/immigranthealth/clinical/Low_Vitamin_D/#Calcium 

    Age

    AI

    EAR

    RDA

    0 - 6 months

    200 mg

     

     

    6 - 12 months

    260 mg

     

     

    1 - 3 years

     

    500 mg

    700 mg

    4 - 8 years

     

    800 mg

    1000 mg

    9 - 18 years

     

    1100 mg

    1300 mg

    Sun exposure: 

    http://www.rch.org.au/immigranthealth/clinical/Low_Vitamin_D/#Sun_exposure 

    Skin colour

    Light to olive skin

    Fitzpatrick type I - IV

    Naturally dark skin

    Fitzpatrick type V - VI

     

     

     

    Infants, children, adolescents

     

    Summer or UV index >= 3

    Avoid sunburn, full sun protection with sunscreen/hat/clothing/shade and sunglasses recommended

    Avoid sunburn, able to tolerate intermittent sun exposure without sunscreen, hat and sunglasses still recommended

    Encourage active outside play or physical activity during and after school/preschool

     

     

    Winter

    Sun protection recommendations vary with latitude/UV index. If UV index < 3, sun protection not required unless in alpine regions, outside for extended periods or near highly reflective surfaces such as snow/water

    Sunscreen not needed in Southern states/New Zealand unless near highly reflective surfaces such as snow or water. It may not be possible to maintain vitamin D levels through sun exposure alone in southern states of Australia/New Zealand

    Encourage active outside play or physical activity during and after school/preschool

     

     

    Pregnancy/

    Adults

     

    Summer

    6 - 7 minutes with arms (or equivalent area) exposed mid-morning or mid-afternoon most days of the week, avoid sunburn,

    full sun protection with sunscreen/hat/clothing/shade and sunglasses recommended

    15 - 50 minutes with arms (or equivalent area) exposed mid-morning or mid-afternoon most days of the week, 

    avoid sunburn, 

    intermittent sun exposure without sunscreen can be tolerated but hat and sunglasses still recommended

     

    Winter

    7 - 40 minutes exposure (depending on latitude) with face arms, and hands exposed at lunchtime most days of the week. If UV index < 3, sunscreen not required 

    unless in alpine regions, outside for extended periods or near highly reflective surfaces such as snow/water

    Depends on latitude. 

    Sunscreen not needed in Southern states/New Zealand unless near highly reflective surfaces such as snow or water. 

    It may not be possible to maintain vitamin D levels through sun exposure alone in southern states of Australia/New Zealand