In this section
The assessment and
management of patients presenting with acute intoxication,
withdrawal or toxicity can be demanding and potentially dangerous.
Patients rapidly deteriorate or may become extremely agitated,
aggressive and violent. Young people may conceal or deny substance
use because of potential parent/guardian responses.
It is important to note
that a person's physiological, psychological and behavioural
reaction to a drug depends on:
Common symptoms and signs of intoxication
>Exclude possible medical or biological
reasons for the presentation (eg head injury, acute infection,
electrolyte imbalance, CVA, hypoglycemia, psychosis, severe liver
Create a simple, quiet, and
uncluttered environment - remove unnecessary equipment