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Poisoning – Guidelines for initial management
For 24 hour advice, contact Victorian Poisons Information Centre 131126
Quetiapine is an atypical antipsychotic, being an antagonist of serotonin and to a lesser extent, dopaminergic, histaminic, muscarinic and peripheral alpha 1 adrenoreceptors.
Though it is frequently involved in poisonings, the evidence for paediatric poisonings is scant and case based.
Pharmacokinetics: The immediate-release formulation has rapid oral absorption with peak 1-2 hours post ingestion. The modified-release (MR) formulation has peak plasma concentrations at approximately 6 hours with therapeutic dosing. In modified release overdose, expect delayed onset and prolonged duration of symptoms, eg for 24-72 hours.
Lipid-soluble and highly bound. Hepatic metabolism.
Dose related toxicity: In adolescents who have ingested less than 3 grams expect mild CNS depression and tachycardia. Ingestions greater than 3 grams can cause delirium, coma, hypotension and (rarely) seizures (<5%).
All children with deliberate self-poisoning or significant (see below) accidental ingestion.
Any symptomatic child
10mg/kg is significant in an adult whilst > 3g (Greater than 100mg in a child <12 years) may be associated with severe toxicity.
Any child in whom the developmental age is inconsistent with accidental poisoning, as non-accidental poisoning should be considered.
CNS depression – any decrease is significant
ECG: (initially and repeat at 4 hours till normal). Long QTc, however is usually insignificant as there are no reports of torsades de pointes and it does not correlate with toxicity.
Paracetamol level in all intentional overdoses.
Standard procedures and supportive care.
Hypotension: treat with bolus 20 mL/kg N Saline. Repeat if remains hypotensive. Ongoing hypotension – treat with noradrenaline infusion as adrenaline paradoxically worsens hypotension
Consider charcoal if massive ingestion and within 1 hour, or if required intubation (after airway protection).
Ongoing care and monitoring
Ingestion <10 mg/kg and < 100mg – monitor for 4 hours
Ingestion > 100mg or > 10mg/kg or sustained release - monitor for 12 hours
Enhance elimination – ineffective
Antidote - Nil
Watch for urinary retention and manage with an IDC if required (consider as a cause of agitation).
Consult Contact Victorian Poisons Information Centre 131126 for advice
Children requiring treatment with noradrenaline or intubation.
For emergency advice and paediatric or neonatal ICU transfers, call the Paediatric Infant Perinatal Emergency Retrieval (PIPER) Service: 1300 137 650.
Period of observation as above
Prior to discharge, adolescents who present with deliberate ingestions need a risk assessment regarding the likelihood of further ingestions or other attempts to self-harm.
Assessment of other drug and alcohol use should also be undertaken.
If, after risk assessment, it is deemed safe to discharge a patient from hospital, but ongoing mental health or drug and alcohol needs are identified, the adolescent should be linked with appropriate services (see links below for services in the State of Victoria).
Poisoning prevention for children Parent information
Victorian Poisons Information Centre: 13 11 26
Mental Health Services
HEADSPACE: National Youth Mental Health Foundation
Local headspace centres
CAMHS: Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services
Local services alphabetically by suburb / city
Drug and alcohol services
YoDAA: Victoria's Youth Drug and Alcohol Advice Service
1800 458 685
Last Updated April 2019