In this section
Amount of bend at the fracture site. Described in terms of the moving fragment from its anatomical position relative to the normal fragment. Measured in degrees
Advanced Trauma Life Support
A partial cast that does not completely encircle the limb. This allows for swelling. A bandage is applied to keep it in place
A fracture in which the two bone fragments are aligned side by side rather than in end-to-end contact.
iv regional anaesthetic agent where the local anaesthetic (either lignocaine or prilocaine) is injected into a vein preferably distal to the fracture whilst a proximal tourniquet remains in place for at least 25-30min
Metaphyseal compression fracture.
A fracture that extends through both cortices
A vertical plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior halves. Also called frontal plane.
General Anaesthetic, Manipulation and Plaster
An incomplete fracture, in which only the convex side of the cortex is broken with bending of the bone
Local Anaesthesic, Manipulation and Plaster
Fracture has healed but with poor alignment
Open reduction internal fixation
Bowing without disruption of cortex
Range of motion
A vertical plane that divides the body into right and left sections.
Three point moulding
Three point moulding involves three points of pressure. Pressure is applied directly above the fracture (dorsally) and two volar points at both the distal and proximal ends combining slight traction
Sideways movement of the fracture. Described in terms of the moving fragment from its anatomical position relative to the normal fragment. Measured as percentage of bone diameter or in millimetres