In this section
Once the child's diagnosis is confirmed a treatment plan will be
developed. The treatment of childhood cancer can
include chemotherapy (the
use of medical drugs to kill cancer cells), radiation (the
use of radiant energy to kill cancer cells), and surgery (to physically remove cancerous cells or tumours). The type of treatment depends
on the type and severity of cancer and the child's age.
Children with certain types of cancer may receive a bone marrow transplant. Bone marrow is a spongy tissue inside certain
bones of the body that produces blood cells. If a child has a type
of cancer that affects the function of blood cells, a bone marrow
transplant (in conjunction with chemotherapy to kill the defective
cells) may allow new, healthy cells to grow. Bone marrow transplant
is also sometimes used to treat cancer that does not involve blood
cells because it allows doctors to use higher doses of chemotherapy
than would otherwise be tolerated.
Support from other departments and services in the hospital is available throughout the child's treatment.