In this section
We deliver the highest quality clinical care to children and families with allergic and immune disorders. We play a vital role in increasing awareness, understanding and knowledge of allergic and immune disorders in the community and health professionals through education, teaching and training. We play a leadership role in the development and improvement of health care policies and guidelines related to allergic and immune disorders. We also actively identify and pursue research priorities to prevent and improve management of these conditions. We continue to work collaboratively with the Murdoch Children's Research Institute (MCRI) and the University of Melbourne.
Evaluation and treatment of allergic conditions including asthma, eczema, allergic rhinitis, food, insect, drug, latex allergies and immune disorders.
Diagnostic testing including skin prick tests, intradermal skin prick tests, and inpatient challenges.
Immunotherapy for insect venom such as bee and wasp, aeroallergens such as house dust mites and pollens.
Tests, such as skin prick tests or blood tests and challenge tests may be recommended.
Skin prick tests are when a small amount of allergen extract (in the form of a liquid) is pricked into the skin. An allergic reaction appears as a lump (wheal) at the scratch site. An allergy specialist must read the result, as the test needs to be interpreted carefully. A skin prick test takes about 30 minutes.
The test can be performed on babies, but a baby less than 12 months of age has less reactive skin and so the results may be lessened. Registered nurses, who have undergone extensive training in the procedure, perform skin tests and the result is interpreted by medical specialists with experience in allergy diagnosis and management.
This is a highly specialised test that is performed in an inpatient setting by experienced allergy specialists and nursing staff in a safe clinical environment. The test takes a minimum of four hours and involves giving a child increasing amounts of an allergen (e.g. food or drug). The child is observed closely after each dose for any clinical allergic response.
Only one food is challenged at a time, and if tolerated, families are given a plan and instructions on how to continue at home.
Thousands of families have learnt through challenges what foods their child can safety introduce back into their diet. Challenges empower families and children to take control of their lives.
Challenges are associated with a risk of severe allergic reaction and should only be performed by allergy specialists experienced in the administration of a challenge and in a setting where resuscitation facilities are available.
Desensitisation programs (immunotherapy) are available for insect venom, house dust mite, pollens and other inhalant allergens (eg. cat dander). Immunotherapy for house dust mite, pollens and other inhalant allergens, involves a series of injections with the initial injection given at the hospital then monthly maintenance injections at the patient's local GP for 3 to 5 years. Ultra rush Immunotherapy for bee or wasp venom comprises multiple injections for bee or wasp venom given over two days and then periodically for 10 weeks at RCH followed by monthly maintenance injections at the local GP for 3 to 5 years . The Department Allergist recommends immunotherapy based on skin prick tests, pathology results and the child's history.
The Department is involved in a number of exciting research projects that include:
Probiotic and peanut oral immunotherapy for treatment of peanut allergy (PPOIT 003) – multicentre study in peanut allergy, the commonest cause of anaphylaxis due to food allergy
Understanding the immune mechanisms driving acquisition of tolerance in food allergy – whole genome gene expression network analysis
PEBBLES - A randomised controlled trial to prevent eczema, food allergy and sensitisation using a skin barrier improvement strategy
VITALITY - The role of postnatal vitamin D supplement in infant health – a randomised controlled trial
SchoolNuts – Prevalence and predictors of food allergy in adolescents
The Department works closely with the Departments of Nutrition and Food Services (dietetics), Respiratory Medicine, Gastroenterology, Dermatology, and General Paediatrics.
Please remember that indefinite referrals are only accepted for chronic medical conditions such as immune deficiency. Patient referrals are triaged based upon the clinical problem detailed in the referral and booked into clinic.
Please access the following Parent Information Sheets by clicking on the sheet below:
Nip Allergies in the Bub
Allergy Pal App