1870

The hospital, then named the "Melbourne Free Hospital for Sick Children", was opened by Drs William Smith and John Singleton at 39 Stephen St (now 49 Exhibition St) in the CBD. It provides six inpatient beds and treats a great number of outpatients.

Mrs Frances Perry is elected as the first President of a ladies Committee of Management.

Melbourne Free Hospital for Sick Children 1870 - The RCH

1872

The hospital changes its name to the "Melbourne Hospital for Sick Children" ("Children's Hospital" made official in 1903) and moves to bigger premises at 13 Spring St. This doubles the size of the hospital and its capacity to treat both inpatients and outpatients.

Melbourne Hospital for Sick Children 1872 - The RCH

1874

The first "Hospital Sunday" appeal results in £223, much of which came from State schools.

Hospital Sunday appeal 1874 - The RCH

1875

Mrs Sarah Bishop is Matron and will stay until 1898.

Mrs Sarah Bishop Matron of The RCH 1875

1876

The Children's Hospital moves to the former home of famous Melbourne judge Redmond Barry on the corner of Pelham and Rathdowne Sts, Carlton with 24 beds.

The RCH relocated to former home of Melbourne judge Redmond Barry 1876

1878

An Infectious Diseases Pavilion opens.

Organised training of nurses begins and a uniform is introduced (paid for by nurses).

The RCH Infectious Diseases Pavilion opens 1878

1879

A three year training course for nurses is introduced for which a "Certificate of Competance" is awarded.

The first medical students are accepted at the hospital (but have to pay a fee)

First medical students accepted at The RCH 1879

1884

The Brighton Convalescent Cottage opens in Holyrood St.

The RCH - The Brighton Convalescent Cottage opens in Holyrood St 1884

1886

Much building work commences and inpatient capacity increases to 30 beds. New operating rooms open.

Inpatient capacity increases to 30 beds at The RCH 1886

1887

The hospital is officially recognised as a training school for nurses.

The RCH recognised as a training school for nurses 1887

1889

Nurse training formally begins.

Nurse training formally begins at The RCH 1889

1891

The first telephone is installed at the hospital.

The first Honorary Pathologist, Dr. C.H. Mollison is appointed.

The first telephone is installed at The RCH 1891

1896

An antitoxin is first used for the highly infectious disease, Diphtheria

Diptheria antitoxin used at The RCH 1896

1897

The hospital is the first public hospital in Melbourne to open a Radiology department under Dr. Herbert Hewlett

The RCH - first public hospital in Melbourne to open a Radiology department 1897

1898

A new Outpatients building opens in Drummond St.

The hospital accepts its first female doctor - Mary Cowan.

The RCH accepts its first female doctor - Mary Cowan 1898

1900

A 3 week long bazaar is held at the Exhibition Buildings to raise building funds for the hospital. It was a landmark in Australian history and raised the largest balance ever attained by any similar charitable venture. New kitchens were built.

The RCH - largest balance ever attained by any similar charitable venture 1900

1902

Dr. William Snowball is nominated as the first paediatric representative to the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Melbourne. He became considered as the father of paediatrics in Australia.

The first Honorary Dermatologist, Dr. A Finch Noyes, is appointed.

Qualified Masseurs are also appointed.

Dr. William Snowball is nominated as the first paediatric representative of The RCH 1902

1903

New medical wards open in the "Princess May Pavilion" on the corner of Pelham and Drummond streets, and babies are admitted for the first time.

New medical wards open at The RCH 1903

1907

The new three storey John Robertson nursing home opens in Rathdowne St.

John Robertson nursing home opens in Rathdowne St

1912

Figure 1: A new administration block with medical staff accommodation opens in Pelham St. and the Pathology laboratory is rebuilt.

Figure 2: The Redmond Barry building is demolished.

New admin and medical staff accomofation open in Pelham St

1914

Figure 1: New surgical wards, named the "Edward Wilson Pavilion" open and for the first time, surgeons and physicians are differentiated.

Figure 2: Dr. Reginald Webster is appointed as the first salaried Pathologist. The first World War breaks out.

New surgical ward. Dr Reginald Webster appointed as the first salaried Pathologist at The RCH

1918

Vegetables and fruit, which doctors previously believed children couldn't digest, are included in patients diet for the first time.

Vegetables and fruit included in patients diet at The RCH

1921

The hospital opens the first babies ward in Melbourne after a long running appeal for funds. A special gymnasium and treatment room for Physiotherapy is provided. Miss Grace Wilson is appointed Matron.

The Honorary Medical Staff sets up an Advisory Board for medical staff recruitment.

The first medical Registrar, Dr. Jock W. Grieve, is appointed.

First babies ward in Melbourne opens RCH

1924

The Auxiliaries provide a canteen for parents in the Outpatients Department.

Auxiliaries provide a canteen for parents at The RCH

1930

A 100-bed orthopaedic campus is opened in Mt Eliza caring for children with tuberculosis, osteomyelitis and infantile paralysis.

A 100-bed orthopaedic campus is opened in Mt Eliza

1931

The Good Friday Appeal is founded by the staff at the "Sporting Globe", a Herald and Weekly Times publication, raising £450 for the hospital through a charity football match.

The first Almoner (Social Worker), Miss Isobel Hodge is appointed and a car donated for her use.

The Good Friday Appeal is founded for The RCH

1933

Mrs.(later Lady) Ella Latham was elected president of the Committee of Management

Ella Latham was elected president of the Committee of Management for The RCH

1944

Figure 1: Nine-year-old patient Allan Goates is the first patient to receive penicillin from his doctor Elizabeth Turner. The drug dramatically lowered death rates, not only at the hospital, but around the world.

Figure 2: Dr Elizabeth Turner appointed as the first female Medical Superintendant.

First patient to receive penicillin at The RCH

1948

10 acres in Royal Park is designated by the government as the site for the new Children's Hospital.

10 acres in Royal Park is designated for The RCH

1949

Figure 1: 1948-1950. Chemotherapy used for the first time on leukemia patients, in the worlds first controlled trial of the drug by Dr John Colebatch.

Figure 2: 1949 Dr. Vernon Collins is appointed as the first Medical Director.

A severe outbreak of polio occurs.

Chemotherapy used for the first at The RCH. Severe outbreak of Polio occurs

1953

The hospital received Royal Assent to change it's name to "Royal Children's Hospital", after seven years of lobbying by the hospitals dedicated committee.

Hospital received Royal Assent to change it's name to The RCH

1954

Another severe outbreak of polio occurs. Later that year the Salk vaccine for polio becomes available in Australia.

Salk vaccine for polio becomes available in Australia

1957

Channel 7 joins the Good Friday Appeal, televising the event as an all-day telethon.

Channel 7 joins the Good Friday Appeal for The RCH

1958

The new Nurse's Home on the Parkville site opens with nurses commuting by a special bus to Carlton.

The new Nurse's Home on the Parkville site opens for The RCH

1962

Figure 1: The first patients are transferred to the newly completed hospital at Parkville.

Figure 2: Miss Joan Gendle is appointed Lady Superintendant of Nursing.

Miss Joan Gendle is appointed Lady Superintendant of Nursing

1963

The Redmond Barry building is demolished.

The Redmond Barry building is demolished

1965

Figure 1: Mrs Patricia McKinnon is elected President of the Committee of Management. Dr. L.E.G. Sloan is appointed Medical Director.

Figure 2: The first dialysis machine

First dialysis machine at The RCH

1970

The RCH celebrated 100 years.

The hospitals neonatal unit discovers new treatment called Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP), which saves the lives of hundreds of premature babies. A Handicapped Children's Centre is established, later to be known as the Child Development and Rehabilitation Centre.

The RCH celebrated 100 years

1973

Rotavirus, the cause of a deadly form of severe gastroenteritis, discovered by Ruth Bishop. Work on a rotavirus vaccine begins.

The Mt. Eliza orthopaedic Section closes after 41 years. The government resumes the property as a Geriatric Centre.

The new North-West building at Parkville opens.

Rotavirus isdiscovered by Ruth Bishop

1975

Conjoined twins (Foo) from Singapore are successfully separated (Peter Jones) followed by Melbourne conjoined twins Grant and Andrew Priestly (Nate Myers)

Conjoined twins from Singapore are successfully separated by Peter Jones

1977

Ultrasound was introduced in 1977 after Radiologist Valerie Mayne secured funding to purchase the Australian made Octoson machine.

Ultrasound was introduced at The RCH

1984

3 East Adolescent Ward established for patients over 14 years of age.

3 East Adolescent Ward established

1986

The Murdoch institute is founded with a generous bequest from the Murdoch family.

The Murdoch institute founded

1987

Final graduates from the last RCH School of Nursing

Final graduates from the last RCH School of Nursing

1988

Michael Sofoulis undertakes the first heart transplant on a child.

The Royal Children's Hospital Foundation (for fundraising) is established.

First heart transplant on a child, Michael Sofoulis

1994

Medical Resonance Imaging (MRI) equipment was first used at The RCH in 1994.

Medical Resonance Imaging (MRI) available at The RCH

1995

As part of an over all Victorian government strategy, The RCH and RWH merge as the "Women's and Children's Health Care Network"

First liver transplant performed on 10-month-old Jordyn Griffin.

The RCH and RWH merge

2000

The hospitals research institute and the Murdoch Institute merge to become the Murdoch Children's Research Institute (MCRI).

Murdoch Children's Research Institute (MCRI) created through merger

2005

Funding announced for new hospital, to be constructed on a site neighbouring the current hospital.

Funding announced for new hospital

2006

Children's Neuroscience Centre opened.

A GP clinic is established near the Emergency Department.

First Run for the Kids.

First Run for the Kids

2007

The RCH Chairman Tony Beddison AO, Premier John Brumby and Minister for Health Daniel Andrews unveil plans for a new RCH building and turn the first soil on the new site in Flemington Road.

Plans for a new RCH building unveiled by Minster for Health Daniel Andrews

2008

Children's Bioethics Centre opens.

The RCH Immunisation Drop-in Centre officially opened in October.

Professor Christine Kilpatrick appointed CEO.

Professor Christine Kilpatrick appointed CEO, Children's Bioethics Centre and Immunisation Drop-in Centre open at The RCH

2009

The RCH team successfully separates conjoined twins Krishna and Trishna in 32 hour surgery

Inaugural Dame Elisabeth AC DBE $50,000 nursing scholarship awarded

Australian Early Development Index (AEDI) implemented nationally for the first time. (Pilot in 2004).

Conjoined twins Krishna and Trishna sepreated in 32 hour surgery at The RCH

2010

The RCH awarded prestigious Committee for Melbourne, Melbourne Achiever Award.

The RCH Team awarded RSL ANZAC of the Year for their successful separation of conjoined twins Krishna and Trishna.

The RCH becomes a member of the Victorian Comprehensive Cancer Centre.

The RCH becomes a member of the Victorian Comprehensive Cancer Centre

2011

The new RCH building is designed.

New RCH building designed

2012

The new RCH building opens at 50 Flemington St, Parkville.

New RCH building opens