Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU)

Research

  • Paediatric intensive care research is an exciting field, which addresses a spectrum of diseases and conditions which continue to challenge our critically ill children. The Royal Children's Hospital intensive care research team are delighted to be part of a number of national and international collaborative studies, as well as undertaking local projects. Our areas of particular interest include cardiac disease, acquired brain injury, lung injury and renal replacement therapy.

    All intensive care staff are encouraged to undertake research, and in addition we have a dedicated group of nurses who together co-ordinate our research projects. This enables us to efficiently screen all children admitted to the unit, each day, for their suitability for inclusion in our projects.

    Data and research staff

    All staff from medical, nursing and technology departments within the intensive care unit are encouraged to undertake research. The skills and experience of the intensive care consultant group have provided a strong foundation for the continued growth of research within the unit.

    Staff involved in research are assisted by:

    Data, Quality and Audit Team Leader

    Carmel Delzoppo

    Manager of the Intensive Care Database and responsible for the development, implementation and maintenance of the clinical database in intensive care, and for producing reports and statistics for use in research within the hospital and externally, with particular reference to the collaborative effort with Australian and New Zealand Paediatric Intensive Care Registry. Team leader of the collaborative data and research team.            

    Intensive Care Research Co-ordinator, responsible for monitoring and co-ordinating research projects in the intensive care unit and liasing with staff interested in performing research. Carmel also Manages PICU reporting from the intensive care database for the purpose of decision support, quality, auditing and research. Steering Committee member for the Paediatric Study Group in the Clinical trials Group for Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society.                                                                          

    Telephone: 61 3 9345 4766  
    e-mail: carmel.delzoppo@rch.org.au

    Database and Research Assistants

    Jenny Thompson, Alyssa Pintimalli

    Intensive Care Research Co-Ordinators, responsible for set up performing, monitoring and co-ordinating research projects in the intensive care unit and liasing with staff interested in performing research.

    Claire Daffey, Liz Fletcher, Linda Darragh

    Database and Research Assistants contribute to data collection, maintenance of the intensive care database, audits and clinical research projects. The team also perform PICU patient outcome calls.

    Telephone: 61 3 9345 4766, or ICU data room: 4483 
    e-mail:  claire.daffey@rch.org.au, liz.fletcher@rch.org.au, linda.darragh@rch.org.au

    Murdoch Affiliated Research Coordinators

    Carmel Delzoppo

    email: carmel.delzoppo@rch.org.au
    Telephone: 61 3 9345 4766

    Research currently running in PICU

    1. ANZICS Point prevalence project- Carmel

    2. Randomised controlled trial of a combination of Dexamethasone and Adrenaline for Bronchiolitis- Ben Gelbart.  Small MCRI research grant

    3. Airway management of croup – a retrospective audit- Ben Gelbart

    4. Characterization of Gene-Environment Interactions Affecting Congenital Heart Disease Outcomes: The GECHO Trial- Mike Clifford

    5. "The first three minutes: development of a teaching package to prepare teams for effective Paediatric Basic Life Support". (HREC REF. No 33124B)- Jo McKittrick

    6. Impact of High-Frequency Oscillatory ventilation on Outcomes in Paediatric Intensive Care- Siva

    7. Effect of Fluid balance on Survival Outcomes in Children with varying lengths of stay post cardiac surgery - Siva

    8. Effect of having a paralysed diaphragm on ICU course and long-term outcome in infants with Single-Ventricle Circulation- Siva

    9. Evaluation of an ECLS nurse-led anticoagulation protocol: a before and after study.- Amy

    10. Acquired infections and complications in children who received Extracorpreal membrane oxygenation.Risk factors and outcomes. Derek

    11. Characteristics of patients who had the cardiac call out and required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) compared to those children who did not require ECMO. Derek

    12. Rhabdomyolysis: Ben.

    13. Approaches and Decisions for Acute Pediatric TBI (ADAPT)Trial – Current  Warwick and Carmel, Jenny Thompson. Funded by National Institutes of Health USA grant

    14. The addition of a sub study the approved ADAPT project.  "Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Markers of Outcome after Severe Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)"  Ethics in progress. Warwick Butt, Carmel Delzoppo, Jenny Thompson, Alyssa Pintimalli. Funded by National Institutes of Health USA grant

    15. The addition of a sub study the approved ADAPT project.  "Genetic and environmental influences on recovery after severe pediatric brain injury" Warwick Butt, Carmel Delzoppo, Jenny Thompson, Alyssa Pintimalli. Funded by National Institutes of Health USA grant

    16. Sedation Practice in Paediatric Intensive Care in Australia and New Zealand: Baby SPICE Pilot Study:  RCT Johnny Millar and Carmel Funded by ANZICS PSG

    17. How safe is ICU: Carmel and Chris James

    18. Epidemiology and Outcome of Infections in Paediatric Intensive Care Patients. Graeme

    19. Outcome of children with malignancies who require admission to PICU. Florian

    20. ARDS Management – Naomi May

    21. Paramedic intubation in children: A 10 year observational study.

    22. How and why do children die in the intensive care unit? A 10 year retrospective cohort study. Sian Brooker

    23. Validation of non-invasive laryngeal ultrasound for the detection of vocal cord paresis after aortic arch and Norwood-type repair in neonates and children. Johnny and Cardiac, and ENT teams

    24. Intensive care management of croup retrospective analysis. Ben

    25. Does the use of Veno‐Arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (VA ECMO) in severe paediatric septic shock alter or effect patient outcome?, international audit – Warwick and Felix (current)

    26. Risk factors for mechanical ventilation in children with acute severe asthma admitted to PICU.  Narayanan

    27. Half Pint: Heart and Lung Failure - Paediatric Insulin Titration Trial- Thomas Rozen, Jenny Thompson, Carmel Delzoppo. Sponsored by National Institutes of Health USA grant.

    28. Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Incidence and Epidemiology study (PARDIE study)- Warwick Butt, Carmel Delzoppo.  (The PARDIE study represents an international initiative with representation from the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Network Investigators (PALISI), the European Society of Paediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care (ESPNIC), the Australia and New Zealand Intensive Care Society (ANZICS) and numerous individual international intensive care units.)

    29. Point Prevalence of Platelet Transfusions in Critically Ill Children: Warwick Butt, Carmel Delzoppo, Jenny Thompson. (International collaborative lead by Clinical and Translational Science Center of Weill Cornell Medical College in New York, NY, USA)

    30. Audit of In-Hospital Cardiac Arrests in a Tertiary Teaching Pediatric Hospital from January 2014 to January 2015. Puneet Singh

    31. Moral Distress in healthcare professionals working in neonatal and paediatric Intensive Care Units. A multicentre ANZICS PSG audit- Johnny and Charles

    32. Eye tracking team leaders in a standardised simulation scenario. Tali Gaddish

    Published works 2017

    MacLaren G,Conrad S, Dalton H. Extracorporeal Life Support. In: Rogers' Handbook of Pediatric Intensive Care. Fifth Edition. Morrison WE, Nelson McMillan KL, Shaffner DH (Eds). Lippincott Williams and Wilkins 2017: 98-103

    Published work 2016

    Mulholland, K., Carlin, J., Duke, T. and Weber, M. [Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Antibiotic trials for community-acquired pneumonia--authors' reply', Lancet Respiratory Medicine 2015; vol.3(3), pp.e5

    Smith, S., Butt, W., Best, D. and MacLaren, G. [Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Long-term survival after extracorporeal life support in children with neutropenic sepsis', Intensive Care Medicine 2015; Dec 9 [Epub ahead of print]

    Triasih, R., Robertson, C., de Campo, J., Duke, T., Choridah, L. and Graham, S. M. [Centre for International Child Health, University of Melbourne, Department of Paediatrics, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'An evaluation of chest X-ray in the context of community-based screening of child tuberculosis contacts', International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 2015; vol.19(12), pp.1428-34 (full text via Document Delivery)

    Were, W., Daelmans, B., Bhutta, Z. A., Duke, T., Bahl, R., Boschi-Pinto, C., Young, M., Starbuck, E. and Bhan, M. K. [Centre for International Child Health, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Children's health priorities and interventions', BMJ 2015; vol.351, h4300

    Suemori, T., Skowno, J., Horton, S., Bottrell, S., Butt, W. and Davidson, A.J. [Anaesthesia and Pain Management Research Group, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Cerebral oxygen saturation and tissue hemoglobin concentration as predictive markers of early postoperative outcomes after pediatric cardiac surgery', Pediatric Anesthesia 2016; vol.26(2), pp.182-9

    Butt, W. and MacLaren, G. [Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Concepts from paediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for adult intensivists', Annals of Intensive Care 2016; vol.6(1), article no.20

    Duke, T., Yano, E., Hutchinson, A., Hwaihwanje, I., Aipit, J., Tovilu, M., Uluk, T., Rongap, T., Vetuna, B., Lagani, W., Amini, J. and Paediatric Society of Papua New Guinea. [Centre for International Child Health, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Large-scale data reporting of paediatric morbidity and mortality in developing countries: it can be done', Archives of Disease in Childhood 2016; vol.101(4), pp.392-7.

    Kleiber, N., de Wildt, S.N., Cortina, G., Clifford, M., Ducruet, T., Tibboel, D. and Millar, J. [Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Clonidine as a first-line sedative agent after neonatal cardiac surgery: retrospective cohort study', Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 2016; vol.17(4), pp.332-41  

    Kleiber, N., de Wildt, S.N., Cortina, G., Clifford, M., van Rosmalen, J., van Dijk, M., Tibboel, D. and Millar, J.[Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'A comparative analysis of preemptive versus targeted sedation on cardiovascular stability after high-risk cardiac surgery in infants', Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 2016; vol.17(4), pp.321-31.

    Clifford, M. and Butt, W. [Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Management, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Tracheal tube insertion is an essential part of modern paediatric anaesthesia and critical care: let us get it right', British Journal of Anaesthesia 2016; vol.116(5), pp.582-4

    Dugani, S., Duke, T. and Kissoon, N. [Centre for International Child Health, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Transforming health through sustainable development', CMAJ 2016; Mar 7 [Epub ahead of print]

    James, C.S., Horton, S., Brizard, C., Molesworth, C., Millar, J. and Butt, W. [Intensive Care, Perfusion, Cardiac Surgery, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Nitric oxide during cardiopulmonary bypass improves clinical outcome: a blinded, randomized controlled trial', Circulation 2015; vol.132(Suppl. 3), A14827

    Brain, M.J., Butt, W.W. and MacLaren, G. [Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], Physiology of Extracorporeal Life Support (ECLS). In Schmidt, G. A. (eds.). Extracorporeal life support for adults. 2016; Totowa: Humana Press Inc; pp.1-60 (full text via Document Delivery)

    Agbeko, R.S., Argent, A. and MacLaren, G. [Department of Paediatrics, Royal Children's Hospital, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Mind over matter? Pain, withdrawal and sedation in paediatric critical care', Intensive Care Medicine 2016; May 3 [Epub ahead of print]

    Duke, T., Graham, H., Peel, D., Izadnegahdar, R. and Duke, C. [Centre for International Child Health, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Solar powered health care', International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 2016; vol.20(5), pp.572-3

    Gelbart, B., Parsons, S., Sarpal, A., Ninova, P. and Butt, W. [Paediatric Intensive Care, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Intensive care management of children intubated for croup: a retrospective analysis', Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 2016; vol.44(2), pp.245-50

    Long, E. and Duke, T. [Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Children's Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Fluid resuscitation therapy for paediatric sepsis', Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 2016; vol.52(2), pp.141-6

    Long, E., Babl, F.E., Angley, E. and Duke, T. [Department of Emergency Medicine, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Department of Pediatrics, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'A prospective quality improvement study in the emergency department targeting paediatric sepsis', Archives of Disease in Childhood 2016; Mar 31 [Epub ahead of print]

    Cortina, G., Hansford, J.R. and Duke, T. [Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Children's Cancer Centre, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Central diabetes insipidus and cisplatin-induced renal salt wasting syndrome: a challenging combination', Pediatric Blood and Cancer 2016; vol.63(5), pp.925-7

    Duke, T. [Centre for International Child Health, University of Melbourne, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'New WHO guidelines on emergency triage assessment and treatment', Lancet 2016; vol.387(10020), pp.721-4

    Pan, K.C., McKenzie, D.P., Pellegrino, V., Murphy, D. and Butt, W. [Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Clinical Sciences, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'The meaning of a high plasma free haemoglobin: retrospective review of the prevalence of haemolysis and circuit thrombosis in an adult ECMO centre over 5 years', Perfusion 2016; vol.31(3), pp.223-31

    Duke, T. [Centre for International Child Health, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Decoding vital signs during triage: pulse pressure in children - Author's reply', Lancet 2016; vol.387(10033), pp.2092

    Duke, T. [Centre for International Child Health, MCRI, University of Melbourne, Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital , Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Maintenance intravenous fluids for children: enough evidence, now for translation and action', Paediatrics and International Child Health 2016; Jun 1 [Epub ahead of print] (full text via Document Delivery)

    Namachivayam, S.P. and Butt, W. [Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Outcomes after pediatric critical illness: important to be accurate', Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 2016; vol.17(6), pp.576-577

    Namachivayam, S.P., d'Udekem, Y., Millar, J., Cheung, M.M. and Butt, W. [Intensive Care Unit, Cardiac Surgery, Department of Cardiology, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Survival status and functional outcome of children who required prolonged intensive care after cardiac surgery', Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 2016; May 10 [Epub ahead of print]

    Klein, S.L., Shann, F., Moss, W.J., Benn, C.S. and Aabye, P. [Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'RTS,S malaria vaccine and increased mortality in girls', mBio 2016; vol.7(2), pp.e00514-16

    Long, E., Babl, F.E. and Duke, T. [Department of Emergency Medicine, Paediatric Intensive Care, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Is there a role for humidified heated high-flow nasal cannula therapy in paediatric emergency departments?', Emergency Medicine Journal 2016; vol.33(6), pp.386-9

    Jones, S., Butt, W., Newall, F., Griffiths, T., Cain, T. and Monagle, P. [Department of Clinical Haematology, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Nursing Research, Medical Imaging, Royal Children's Hospital, Haematology Research, Murdoch Childrens Research Insitutute, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'The incidence of thrombosis and PTS in children 2 years after central venous catheter placement', Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 2016; vol.14(Suppl. 1), pp.92

    Gadish, T. and Butt, W. [Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Unplanned readmission after discharge from intensive care is associated with a worse patient outcome', Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 2016; vol.44 (2), pp.306

    Peters, M.J., Butt, W. and Tasker, R.C. [Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Focus on paediatrics', Intensive Care Medicine 2016; vol.42(8), pp.1203-5

    Shann, F. [Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Substantial benefits from finding the most effective BCG strain', Lancet Respiratory Medicine 2016; vol.4(7), pp.e35

    Tracey, R. [Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Introduction of mandatory MET and rapid review: a quality improvement project', Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 2016; vol.44 (2), pp.323

    Triasih, R., Padmawati, R.S., Duke, T., Robertson, C., Sawyer, S.M. and Graham, S.M. [Centre for International Child Health, University of Melbourne Department of Paediatrics, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Centre for Adolescent Health, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'A mixed-methods evaluation of adherence to preventive treatment among child tuberculosis contacts in Indonesia', International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 2016; vol.20(8), pp.1078-83 (full text via Document Delivery)

    Crichton, A.J., Babl, F., Oakley, E., Greenham, M., Hearps, S., Delzoppo, C., Hutchison, J., Beachamp, M., Anderson, V.A., Crichton, A.J., Babl, F., Oakley, E., Greenham, M., Hearps, S., Delzoppo, C., Hutchison, J., Beachamp, M. and Anderson, V.A. [Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Prediction of multidimensional fatigue after childhood brain injury', Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation 2016; July [Epub ahead of print]

    Long, E., Oakley, E., Babl, F.E., Duke, T. and Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative. [Department of Emergency Medicine, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'An observational study using ultrasound to assess physiological changes following fluid bolus administration in paediatric sepsis in the emergency department', BMC Pediatrics 2016; vol.16(1), article no.93

    MacLaren, G.,Fortenberry, J.D. and Dalton, H.J. [Pediatric ICU, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Lies, statistics, and ECMO data mining: digging dirt or striking gold?', Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 2016; vol.17(8), pp.799-802

    Butt, W.[Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Hypoxemia: don't take it lying down! How to detect Platypnea-Orthodeoxia syndrome and what to do about it', Canadian Journal of Cardiology 2016; vol.32(3), pp.294-295

    Clifford, M. and Butt, W. [Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Management, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Tracheal tube insertion is an essential part of modern paediatric anaesthesia and critical care: let us get it right', British Journal of Anaesthesia 2016; vol.116(5), pp.582-584

    Graham, H., Tokhi, M. and Duke, T. [Centre for International Child Health, Royal Children's Hospital, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Scoping review: strategies of providing care for children with chronic health conditions in low- and middle-income countries', Tropical Medicine and International Health 2016; Aug 24 [Epub ahead of print]

    Butt, W. and MacLaren, G. [Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Clinical Sciences, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation 2016: an update', F1000Research 2016; vol.5, article no. 750

    Peters, M.J., Butt, W. and Tasker, R.C. [Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Focus on paediatrics', Intensive Care Medicine 2016; vol.42(8), pp.1203-1205

    Ridgeon, E., Bellomo, R., Myburgh, J., Saxena, M., Weatherall, M., Jahan, R., Arawwawala, D., Bell, S., Butt, W., Camsooksai, J., Carle, C., Cheng, A., Cirstea, E., Cohen, J., Cranshaw, J., Delaney, A., Eastwood, G., Eliott, S., Franke, U., Gantner, D., Green, C., Howard-Griffin, R., Inskip, D., Litton, E., MacIsaac, C., McCairn, A., Mahambrey, T., Moondi, P., Newby, L., O'Connor, S., Pegg, C., Pope, A., Reschreiter, H., Richards, B., Robertson, M., Rodgers, H., Shehabi, Y., Smith, I., Smith, J., Smith, N., Tilsley, A., Whitehead, C., Willett, E., Wong, K., Woodford, C., Wright, S. and Young, P. [Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Validation of a classification system for causes of death in critical care: an assessment of inter-rater reliability', Critical Care and Resuscitation 2016; vol.18(1), pp.50-54

    Matha, S.M., Rahiman, S.N., Gelbart, B.G. and Duke, T.D. [Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'The utility of procalcitonin in the prediction of serious bacterial infection in a tertiary paediatric intensive care unit', Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 2016; vol.44(5), pp.607-14 [on site at RCH only]

    Brincat, E., Cooke, A., Butt, W. and Namachivayam, S.P. [Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Long-term survival for children with acute lung injury supported with high frequency oscillation ventilation', Intensive Care Medicine 2016; vol.42(11), pp.1820-1821

    James, C., Millar, J., Horton, S., Brizard, C., Molesworth, C. and Butt, W.[Department of Intensive Care, Perfusion Department, Department of Cardiac Surgery, Royal Children's Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia. ], 'Nitric oxide administration during paediatric cardiopulmonary bypass: a randomised controlled trial', Intensive Care Medicine 2016; vol.42(11), pp.1744-1752

    Ramanathan KR, Tan CS, Rycus P, MacLaren G. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for adult community acquired pneumonia: survival and predictors of mortality Crit Care Med [in press] (Impact factor 7.4)

    Lorusso R, Gelsomino S, Parise O, Mendiratta P, Prodhan P, Rycus P, MacLaren G, Brogan TV, Chen YS, Maessen J, Hou X, Thiagarajan RR. Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for refractory cardiogenic shock in elderly patients: trends in application and outcome from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) registry. Ann Thorac Surg [in press] (Impact factor 3.0)

    Ostrowski J, MacLaren G, Stewart P, Gune S, Francis J, Festa M, Ganu S, Erickson S, Alexander J, Schlapbach LJ. Burden of invasive infections in critically ill indigenous children in Australia. Med J Aust [in press] (Impact factor 3.4)

    Morin L, Ray S, Wilson C, Remy S, Benissa MR, Jansen K, Javouhey E, Peters M, Kneyber M, de Luca D, Nadel S, Schlapbach L, MacLaren G, Tissieres P. Refractory septic shock in children: an European Society of Paediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care definition. Intensive Care Med 2016; 42(12):1948-1957 (Impact factor 10.1)

    Di Nardo M, MacLaren G, Marano M, Cecchetti C, Bernaschi P, Amodeo A. ECLS in pediatric cardiac patients. Front Pediatr 2016; 4:109

    MacLaren G. Medicine, art and the death of Franz Liszt. The American Liszt Society 2016; 32(1):10-11 (reprint)

    Mithiran H, Bonney GK, Bose S, Subramanian S, Yan ZN, En SY, Papadimas E, Chauhan I, MacLaren G,Kofidis T. A score for predicting acute kidney injury following coronary artery bypass graft surgery in an Asian population. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2016; 30(5):1296-1301 (Impact factor 1.5)

    Straney L, Schibler A, Ganeshalingham A, Alexander J, Festa M, Slater A, MacLaren G, Schlapbach LJ. Burden and outcomes of severe pertussis infection in critically ill infants Pediatr Crit Care Med 2016; 17(8):735-742 (Impact factor 2.7) [Feature article]

    Cove ME, Ying C, Taculod JM, Ooi SE, Oh P, Ramanathan KR, MacLaren G, Tan CS. Multidisciplinary extubation protocol in cardiac surgical patients reduces both ventilation time and length of stay in the intensive care unit. Ann Thorac Surg 2016; 102(1):28-34 (Impact factor 3.0)

    Butt W, MacLaren G.Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation 2016: an update. F1000Res 2016; 5:750

    Smith S, Butt W, Best D, MacLaren G. Long-term survival after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in children with neutropenic sepsis. Intensive Care Med 2016; 42(5):942-943  (Impact factor 10.1)

    Butt W, MacLaren G.Concepts from paediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for adult intensivists. Ann Intensive Care 2016; 6(1):1-7 (Impact factor 4.5)

    MacLaren G.Ten-year survival in children after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for respiratory failure. Pediatr Crit Care Med [in press] (Impact factor 2.7)

    MacLaren G,Monagle P. Antithrombin administration in ECMO patients: putting the cart before the horse. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2016; 17(12):1188-1189 (Impact factor 2.7)

    MacLaren G,Fortenberry JD, Dalton HJ. Lies, statistics, and ECMO data mining: digging dirt or striking gold? Pediatr Crit Care Med 2016; 17(8):799-802 (Impact factor 2.7)

    MacLaren G, Lye DC, Lee VJ. Increasing experience with melioidosis and critical care: medical and military implications. Crit Care Med 2016; 44(8):1608-1609 (Impact factor 7.4)

    Agbeko RS, Argent A, MacLaren G. Mind over matter? Pain, withdrawal and sedation in paediatric critical care. Intensive Care Med 2016; 42(8):1261-1263 (Impact factor 10.1)

    Schlapbach LJ, MacLaren G. Targeting Staphylococcus aureus in pediatric surviving sepsis bundles. JAMA Pediatr [in press] (Impact factor 9.5)

    MacLaren G, Butt W. ECMO for Septic Shock. In: ECMO: Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Support in Critical Care. Fifth Edition. Brogan T, Lequier L, Lorusso R, MacLaren G, Peek G (Eds). ELSO, Ann Arbor. [in press]

    MacLaren G, Diaz R, Mendonca M, Peek G, Poobani S, Rycus P. Evolution and History of Global ELSO.  In: ECMO: Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Support in Critical Care. Fifth Edition. Brogan T, Lequier L, Lorusso R, MacLaren G, Peek G (Eds). ELSO, Ann Arbor. [in press]

    Pooboni S, Caneo L, MacLaren G, Shekerdemian L. The Economics of ECMO. In: ECMO: Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Support in Critical Care. Fifth Edition. Brogan T, Lequier L, Lorusso R, MacLaren G, Peek G (Eds). ELSO, Ann Arbor. [in press]

    MacLaren G, Shann F. Chloramphenicol and Thiamphenicol. In: Kucers' The Use of Antibiotics. Seventh edition. Grayson ML, Crowe SM, McCarthy JS, Mills J, Mouton JW, Paterson DL, Cosgrove SE, Hope W (Eds). CRC Press [in press]

    Brain MJ, Butt W, MacLaren G. Physiology of Extracorporeal Life Support (ECLS). In: Extracorporeal Life Support for Adults. First Edition. Schmidt GA (Ed). Springer New York 2016: 1-

    Published work 2015

    Long, E., Babl, F., Dalziel, S., Dalton, S., Etheridge, C. and Duke, T. [Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Fluid resuscitation for paediatric sepsis: a survey of senior emergency physicians in Australia and New Zealand', Emergency Medicine Australasia 2015; vol.27(3), pp.245-50

    Lou, S., MacLaren, G., Paul, E., Best, D., Delzoppo, C. and Butt, W. [Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Hemofiltration is not associated with increased mortality in children receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation', Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 2015; vol.16(2), pp.161-166

    Lou, S., Maclaren, G., Paul, E., Best, D., Delzoppo, C. and Butt, W. [Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Prevalence of dysglycemia and association with outcomes in pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation', Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 2015; vol.16(3), pp.270-275

    Murni, I. K., Duke, T., Kinney, S., Daley, A. J. and Soenarto, Y. [Department of Paediatrics, Centre for International Child Health, University of Melbourne, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Laboratory Services, Infection Prevention and Control, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Reducing hospital-acquired infections and improving the rational use of antibiotics in a developing country: an effectiveness study', Archives of Disease in Childhood 2015; vol.100(5), pp.454-9

    Duke, T., Kado, J. H., Auto, J., Amini, J. and Gilbert, K. [Centre for International Child Health, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Closing the gaps in child health in the Pacific: an achievable goal in the next 20 years', Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 2015; vol.51(1), pp.54-60

    Gupta P, DasGupta R, Best D, Chu CB, Elsalloukh H, Gossett JM, Imamura M, Butt W. " Delayed extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in children after Cardiac Surgery: two-institution experience." Cardiol Young. 2015 Feb;25(2):248-54.

    Beca, J., McSharry, B., Erickson, S., Yung, M., Schibler, A., Slater, A., Wilkins, B., Singhal, A., Williams, G., Sherring, C. and Butt, W. [Department of Paediatric Intensive Care, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Hypothermia for traumatic brain injury in children - a Phase II randomized controlled trial', Critical Care Medicine 2015; vol.43(7), pp.1458-1466

    Inwald, D. P., Butt, W. and Tasker, R. C. [Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Fluid resuscitation of shock in children: what, whence and whither?', Intensive Care Medicine 2015; vol.41(8), pp.1457-9

    Shann, F. [Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Different strains of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccine have very different effects on tuberculosis and on unrelated infections', Clinical Infectious Diseases 2015; Jun 9 [Epub ahead of print]

    Song Lou, Graeme MacLaren, Eldho Paul, Derek Best, Carmel Delzoppo,Yves d'Udekem, Warwick Butt, "Safety of therapeutic hypothermia in children on veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation after cardiac surgery" Cardiology in the Young (2015), 25, 1367–1373

     Shann, F. [Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Editorial Commentary: Different strains of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine have very different effects on tuberculosis and on unrelated infections', Clinical Infectious Diseases 2015; vol.61(6), pp.960-962

    Chan-Dominy, A. C., Rahiman, S. N., Anders, M. and Butt, W. [Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and severe portopulmonary hypertension following liver transplantation: brief report', International Journal of Artificial Organs 2015; vol.38(6), pp.337-342 (full text via Document Delivery)

    Tibballs, J. and Bhatia, N. [Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Transplantation of the heart after circulatory death of the donor: time for a change in law?', Medical Journal of Australia 2015; vol.203(6), pp.268-70

    Bhatia N, Tibballs J." Deficiencies and Missed Opportunities to Formulate Clinical Guidelines in Australia for Withholding or Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment in Severely Disabled and Impaired Infants." J Bioeth Inq. 2015 Sep;12(3):449-59.

    Shann F., Lange T, "Bubble CPAP for pneumonia: perils of stopping trials early." Lancet; 2015 Sep12; 386(9998):1020-2

    Namachivayam SP, Alexander J, Slater A, Millar J, Erickson S, Tibballs J, Festa M, Ganu S, Segedin L, Schlapbach LJ, Williams G, Shann F, Butt W; Paediatric Study Group and Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society. " Five-Year Survival of children with chronic critical illness in Australia and New Zealand." Crit Care Med. 2015 Sep;43(9):1978-85

    Shann F. "The heterologous (non-specific) effects of vaccines: implications for policy in high-mortality countries." Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg2015 Jan;109(1):5-8.

    Pan KC, McKenzie DP, Pellegrino V, Murphy D, Butt W. "The meaning of a high plasma free haemoglobin: retrospective review of the prevalence of haemolysis and circuit thrombosis in an adult ECMO centre over 5 years." Perfusion  2015 Jul 22

    Lewis PM1, Czosnyka M, Carter BG, Rosenfeld JV, Paul E, Singhal N, Butt W. "Cerebrovascular pressure Reactivity in Children With Traumatic Brain Injury." Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2015 Oct;16(8):739-49.

    Karam O, Demaret P, Shefler A, Leteurtre S, Spinella PC, Stanworth SJ, Tucci M; Canadian Critical Care Trials Group (CCCTG); Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI); BloodNet; PlasmaTV Investigators. Collaborators (171) Butt W, Delzoppo C, Bain K, et al. "Indications and Effects of Plasma Transfusions in Critically Ill Children." Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2015 Jun 15;191(12):1395-402

    Pratap, H., Millar, J., Butt, W. and d'Udekem, Y. [Department of Cardiac Surgery, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Complications of intrathoracic lines placed during cardiac surgery', Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 2015; vol.149(4), pp.1212-3

    Hacking DF, Best D, d'Udekem Y, Brizard CP, Konstantinov IE, Millar J, Butt W. "Elective decompression of the left ventricle in pediatric patients may reduce the duration of venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation." Artif Organs. 2015 Apr;39(4):319-26.

    Gupta P, Robertson MJ, Beam B, Gossett JM, Schmitz ML, Carroll CL, Edwards JD, Fortenberry JD, Butt W, "Relationship of ECMO duration with outcomes after pediatric cardiac surgery: a multi-institutional analysis." Minerva Anestesiol. 2015 Jun;81(6):619-27

    Chan-Dominy AC, Anders M, Millar J, Horton S, Best D, Brizard C, D'Udekem Y, Hilton A.,Butt W. " Extracoporeal membrane modaility conversions." Perfusion. 2015 May;30(4):291-4.

    Maconochie IK, de Caen AR, Aickin R, Atkins DL, Biarent D, Guerguerian AM, Kleinman ME, Kloeck DA, Meaney PA, Nadkarni VM, Ng KC, Nuthall G, Reis AG, Shimizu N, Tibballs J, Pintos RV; Pediatric Basic Life Support and Pediatric Advanced Life Support Chapter Collaborators. "Part 6: Pediatric basic life support and pediatric advanced life support: 2015 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science with Treatment Recommendations." Resuscitation.2015 Oct;95:e147-68.

    Maconochie IK, de Caen AR, Aickin R, Atkins DL, Biarent D, Guerguerian AM, Kleinman ME, Kloeck DA, Meaney PA, Nadkarni VM, Ng KC, Nuthall G, Reis AG, Shimizu N, Tibballs J, Pintos RV; Pediatric Basic Life Support and Pediatric Advanced Life Support Chapter Collaborators. "Part 6: Pediatric basic life support and pediatric advanced life support: 2015 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science with Treatment Recommendations." Circulation. 2015 Oct 20;132(16 Suppl 1):S177-203. and reprint:  Pediatrics. 2015 Nov;136 Suppl 2:S88-S119

    Oberender F. "Critical Care Transport: How Do We Measure Up?" Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2015 Oct;16(8):775-6.

    Gelbart B, Glassford NJ, Bellomo R." Fluid Bolus Therapy-Based Resuscitation for Severe Sepsis in Hospitalized Children: A Systematic Review."  Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2015 Oct;16(8):e297-307.

    Shann, F. [Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Why has the number of child deaths halved since 1990?', Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 2015; vol.34(12), pp.1377-8

    Jones, S.E., Newall, F., Butt, W. and Monagle, P. [Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Asymptomatic central venous line - related thrombosis in children: feasibility of conducting a clinical study', Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 2015; vol.13(Suppl. 2), pp.723

    Jones, S.E., Newall, F., Butt, W. and Monagle, P. [Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Asymptomatic thrombosis following the use of central venous lines in children', Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 2015; vol.13(Suppl. 2), pp.481

    Rozen, T. and Butt, W. [Royal Children's Hospital, Intensive Care Unit, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Rapid response teams: how are they best used?', Critical Care 2015; vol.20, article no. 253

    Chiletti, R., Butt, W. and MacLaren, G. [Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Rapid deployment ECMO', Current Treatment Options in Pediatrics 2015; vol.1(1), pp.4-14

    Straney LD, Schlapbach LJ, Yong G, Bray JE, Millar J, Slater A, Alexander J, Finn J. Trends in PICU Admission and Survival Rates in Children in Australia and New Zealand Following Cardiac Arrest. Paediatr Crit Care Med: Epub 2015 Apr 21.

    8th October 2014 [DVD]   (The State of the World in 2014: amazing progress - presented by Prof. Frank Shann)

    Published work 2014

    Maclaren, G., Butt, W., Peek, G., Lynch, W. R. and Bartlett, R. H. [Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Paediatric ICU, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Mistaking complications of critical illness for those of critical care', Critical Care Medicine 2014; vol.42(2), pp.e173-4

    Wong Doo, N., Coory, M., White, V., Harrison, S. J., Prince, H. M., Millar, J. L., Dimech, M. and Giles, G. G. [Health Services Research, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Low uptake of upfront autologous transplantation for myeloma in a jurisdiction with universal health care coverage: a population-based patterns of care study in Australia', Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia 2014; vol.14(1), pp.61-67

    Vivekananthan R, Sokol J, Allen M, Tibballs J. "ECPR for prolonged paediatric cardiac arrest." Anaesth Intensive Care. 2014 Jan;42(1):147-8.

    Gupta, P., McDonald, R., Goyal, S., Gossett, J. M., Imamura, M., Agarwal, A., Butt, W. and Bhutta, A. T. [Department of Paediatric Intensive Care, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Extubation failure in infants with shunt-dependent pulmonary blood flow and univentricular physiology', Cardiology in the Young 2014; vol.24(1), pp.64-72  (IF=0.948)

    Shann, F. [Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Natural disasters, armed conflict, and public health', New England Journal of Medicine 2014; vol.370(8), pp.782-4

    Shann, F. [Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'The use and evaluation of Pediatric Index of Mortality and Pediatric Risk of Mortality in pediatric intensive care', Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 2014; voll.15(3), pp.286-7  (IF=2.354)

    Namachivayam, P., Smolich, J. J., Shields, A. E., Rees, S., Coleman, L., Horton, S. B., Konstantinov, I. E., Penny, D. J. and Shekerdemian, L. S., 'Impact of levosimendan on brain injury patterns in a lamb model of infant cardiopulmonary bypass', Pediatric Research 2014; Apr 8 [Epub ahead of print] (IF=2.673)

    Evans J, Syddall S, Butt W, Kinney S  (2014)  Comparison of open and closed suction on safety, efficacy and nursing time in a paediatric intensive care unit.  Australian Critical Care, EPub  (IF=0.973)

    Hooper, A. and Tibballs, J., 'Comparison of a Trigger Tool and voluntary reporting to identify adverse events in a paediatric intensive care unit', Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 2014; vol.42(2), pp.199-206  (IF=1.396)

    Maclaren, G., d'Udekem, Y. and Butt, W., 'Not off the assembly line but properly tailored: customizing cannulation for extracorporeal life support', Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 2014; vol.15(4), pp.375-7 (IF=2.354)

    Maclaren G, Butt W, Peek G, Lynch WR, Bartlett RH  (2014)  Mistaking complications of critical illness for those of critical care.  Critical Care Medicine, 42(2), e173-e174  (IF=6.124)

    Maclaren G, Pasquali SK, Dalton HJ  (2014)  Volume-outcome relationships in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation:  is bigger really better?  Critical Care Medicine, 42(3), 726-727  (IF=6.124)

    MacLaren G, Lou S, Butt W. The authors reply. Critical Care Medicine. 2014;42(10):e679-80.

    Duke T.  "CPAP: a guide for clinicians in developing countries." Paediatr Int Child Health 2014 Feb;34(1):3-11

    Martin, S., Duke, T. and Davis, P. [Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, Centre for International Child Health, University of Melbourne, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Efficacy and safety of bubble CPAP in neonatal care in low and middle income countries: a systematic review', Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2014; Aug 1 [Epub ahead of print]

    Turner,A., Shann,F., Delzoppo,C., Henning,R., Slater,A., Beca,J., Erickson,S., and Butt,W. "A multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of aminophylline for bronchiolitis in infants admitted to intensive care." Crit Care Resus 2014;16:220-224

    Cantwell-Bartl, A. M. and Tibballs, J. [Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Psychosocial responses of parents to their infant's diagnosis of hypoplastic left heart syndrome', Cardiology in the Young 2014; Sep 12 [Epub ahead of print] (full text via Document Delivery) Cardiol Young. 2015 Aug;25(6):1065-73.

    Butt, W. W. [Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'What Is my child's outcome? a simple question with a complex answer', Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 2014; vol.15(8), pp.775-6

    Larson, G. E., Arnup, S. J., Clifford, M. and Evans, J. [Rosella Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Corrigendum to How does the introduction of a pain and sedation management guideline in the paediatric intensive care impact on clinical practice? A comparison of audits pre and post guideline introduction [Aust. Crit. Care 26 (3) (2013) 118-123]', Australian Critical Care 2014; vol.27(2), pp.69

    Andrews, S. L., Lewena, S., Oberender, F., Babl, F. E., West, A. and Hopper, S. M. [Emergency Department, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Management of retrieval service patients within a paediatric emergency department', Emergency Medicine Australasia 2014; Oct 20 [Epub

    Hacking, D. F., Best, D., d'Udekem, Y., Brizard, C. P., Konstantinov, I. E., Millar, J. and Butt, W. [Department of Paediatric Intensive Care, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Elective decompression of the left ventricle in pediatric patients may reduce the duration of venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation', Artificial Organs 2014; Oct 20 [Epub ahead of print]

    Schlapbach, L., Straney, L., Alexander, J., MacLaren, G., Festa, M., Schibler, A., Slater, A., ANZICS PSG  "Mortality related to invasive infections, sepsis, and septic shock in critically ill children in Australia and New Zealand, 2002–13: a multicentre retrospective cohort study" The Lancet  (Online 1, Dec 2014).

    Mulholland, K., Carlin, J. B., Duke, T. and Weber, M. [Centre for International Child Health, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'The challenges of trials of antibiotics for pneumonia in low-income countries', Lancet Respiratory Medicine 2014; vol.2(12), pp.952-954

    Sa'avu, M., Duke, T. and Matai, S. [Centre for International Health, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Improving paediatric and neonatal care in rural district hospitals in the highlands of Papua New Guinea: a quality improvement approach', Paediatrics and International Child Health 2014; vol.34(2), pp.75-83 (full text via Document Delivery)

    Faustino EV1, Hanson S, Spinella PC, Tucci M, O'Brien SH, Nunez AR, Yung M, Truemper E, Qin L, Li S, Marohn K, Randolph AG; PROphylaxis against ThRombosis prACTice (PROTRACT) Study Investigators of the PALISI BloodNet. Brown AM, Desai L, Gilfoyle E, Goldsworthy M, Jaimon N, Loftis L, Canarie M, Kelly D, Randolph A, Santschi M, Dugas MA, Gosselin L, Rios J, Truemper E, Weidner B, Flori H, Simon J, Festa M, Walker K, Watts N, Davis D, Diliberto MA, Kamens W, McIntosh R, Park B, Prodelll J, Hanson S, Murkowski K, Triscari D, Leonard C, Nowak J, Overman A, Dumitrascu M, Lacroix J, Tuccii M, Kessel A, Schneider J, Sweberg T, Barba AF, Ramill C, Carrolll C, Christie L, Higgerson R, Kirby A, Cheifetz I, Rehder K, Wrenn S, Lopez-Herce J, Hassan N, Ndika A, Rodriguez-Nunez A, Trabazo-Rodriguez S, Ventura M, Garcia Íñiguez JP, Revilla PM, Iglesias Bouzas MI, Dionisio M, García Soler P, Fonte M, Jimenez A, Sanzani J, Gertz S, Foong LT, Menon A, Li S, Mayfield S, Schibler A, Kazzaz Y, Zavalkoff S, Cunningham S, Greathouse K, Hidalgo D, O'Brien S, Perdue K, Steele L, Leon Gonzalez JS, Spear D, Tamburro R, Erickson S, Fritz S, Rider C, Rigby M, Long D, Slater A, Williams T, Butt W, Delzoppo C, Syddalll S, Jordan I, Hernandez L, Jacobs R, Spinella P, Terrilll C, Beca J, Bushelll T, Rea M, Sherring C, Culver K, Parker M, Williams G, Young J, Gabolii M, Gomez de Quero P, Lo V, Sapru A, Cholette J, Daugherty LE, Kelly R, Willson D, Letton G, Yung M, Faustino EV, Marohn K, Northrup V, Qin L, Pemira S, Tala J, Vidal E. "A multinational study of thromboprophylaxis practice in critically ill children." Crit Care Med. 2014 May; 42(5): 1232-40

    Chisti, M. J., Graham, S. M., Duke, T., Ahmed, T., Faruque, A. G., Ashraf, H., Bardhan, P. K., Shahid, Amsb, Shahunja, K. M. and Salam, M. A. [Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Post-discharge mortality in children with severe malnutrition and pneumonia in Bangladesh', PLoS One 2014; vol.9(9), pp.e107663

    Duke G.J, Pilcher D.V., Shann F., Santamaria J.D, Oberender F., Bailey M.J. "ANZROD, COPE 4 and PIM 3: Caveat emptor." Crit Care Resusc. 2014 Sep;16(3):155-7.

    Brain MJ, Roodenburg OS, Adams N, McCracken P, Hockings L, Musgrave S, Butt W, Scheinkestel C. "Randomised trial of software algorithm driven regional citrate anticoagulation versus heparin in continuous renal replacement therapy: the Filter Life in Renal Replacement Therapy pilot trial." Crit Care Resusc. 2014 Jun;16(2):131-7

    MacLaren G, d'Udekem Y, Butt W. " Not off the assembly line but properly tailored: customizing cannulation for extracorporeal life support." Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2014 May;15(4):375-7.

    Asakai H, Galati J, Weskamp S, Jones B, Millar J, Konstantinov I, d'Udekem Y, Brizard C, Cheung Impact of Blalock-Taussig Shunt Size on Tricuspid Valve Regurgitation in Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome. M. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2014:97(6);2123-2128.

    Veno-right Ventricular ECMO Support in an infant. Bibevski S, Horton S, Millar J, d'Udekem Y. Perfusion 2014:29(1);94-5.

    Published work 2013

    MacLaren G, Brain MJ, Butt WW , Song L, Best D, Delzoppo C, entitled "Hemolysis in pediatric patients receiving centrifugal-pump extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: Incidence, risk factors and outcomes" , CCMED-D-12-02085R3 Pediatr Crit Care Med 2013( In press)

    MacLaren G, Brain MJ, Butt WW. ECMO in acute and chronic adult respiratory failure: recent trends and future directions. Minerva Anestesiol [in press]

    MacLaren G, Butt W, Peek G, Lynch W, Bartlett RH. Mistaking complications of critical illness for those of critical care. Crit Care Med [in press]

    Brain MJ, Butt W, MacLaren G. Physiology of ECLS. In: Extracorporeal Life Support for Patients with ARDS. Schmidt GA (Ed). 1st Edition. Springer [in press]

    Butt W.  Quality of Care Leads to Quality of Life after Trauma in Children. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine (in press 2013)

    Maclaren G, Brain M, Butt W. ECMO in acute and chronic adult respiratory failure: recent trends and future directions. Minerva Anestesiol.  (in press 2013)  

    W Butt.Minimise stress and maximise clinical outcome. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 2013 

    J Varley, D Pilcher, W Butt, P Cameron. A retrospective study into the outcomes of self-injured patients requiring ICU management.. (submitted)

    Horan M, Butt W, and Monagle P. The Thromboelastogram: Normal values in critically ill children, (in press, Thrombosis)

    Horan M, Butt W, and Monagle P. Does Hypothermia effect accurate measurement of Blood Clotting (in press, Thrombosis)

    Casswell G, Pilcher D, Martin R, Pelligrino V, Marasco S, Robertson C, Butt W, Snell G, Westall G. Buying Time: The Use of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation as a Bridge to Lung Transplantation in Pediatric Patients. The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation. Vol 32, Issue 4 Supplement. April 2013

    Yoong, MS, D'Udekem, Y, Roberston CF, Brizard CP, Butt WW, Konstantinov IE. Tracheal Repair in Children: Reducation of Mortality with Advent of Slide Tracheoplasty. ANZ Journal of Surgery. 2013

    MacLaren, G, Butt W, Shekerdemian L. PCICS/ELSO Joint Statement on Pediatric Mechanical Circulatory Support in Children: A Consensus Review.. Pediatr Crit Care Med, June 2013

    Long EJ. Shann F. Pearson G. Buckley D. Butt W., Taylor, A, Delzoppo C.  A randomised controlled trial of plasma filtration in severe paediatric sepsis.  Critical Care and Resuscitation. 15(3):198-204, 2013 Sep

    Butt, W. and MacLaren, G. [Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Flemington Road,        Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation', F1000Prime Reports 2013; vol.5, article no.55

    Lou, S., Maclaren, G., Best, D., Delzoppo, C. and Butt, W. [Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Murdoch Childrens              Research  Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Hemolysis in pediatric patients receiving centrifugal-pump extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: prevalence, risk factors, and           outcomes',  Critical Care Medicine 2013; Dec 17 

    Downie L. Armiento R. Subhi R. Kelly J. Clifford V. Duke T. "Community-acquired neonatal and infant sepsis in developing countries: efficacy of WHO's currently recommended antibiotics--systematic review and meta-analysis. [Review]" Archives of Disease in Childhood. 98(2):146-54, 2013 Feb

    Brink, F., Duke, T.; Evans, J. " High-Flow Nasal Prong Oxygen Therapy or Nasopharyngeal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure for Children With Moderate-to-Severe Respiratory Distress?. PCCM  Sep 13 Vol 7 pg   

    Chong A, MacLaren G, Chen R, Connelly KA. Perioperative applications of deformation (myocardial strain) imaging with speckle-tracking echocardiography. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth [in press] 

    MacLaren G. A fresh perfection. Intensive Care Med 2013; 39(8):1475-1476

    MacLaren G, Dodge-Khatami A, Dalton H. Joint statement on mechanical circulatory support in children: a consensus review from the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society and Extracorporeal Life Support Organization. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2013; 14(5 Suppl): S1-2

    D'Udekem Y, Shime N, Lou S, MacLaren G. Recurrent or prolonged mechanical circulatory support: bridge to recovery or road to nowhere?  Pediatr Crit Care Med 2013; 14(5 Suppl): S69-72 

    Dalton H, Dodge-Khatami A, MacLaren G. Pediatric mechanical circulatory support: future directions. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2013; 14(5 Suppl):S94-95 

    Brown KL, MacLaren G, Marino BS. Looking beyond survival rates: neurological outcomes after extracorporeal life support. Intensive Care Med , 39(10), 1870-1872 (IF=5.258) 

    MacLaren G. Optimizing fluid management in children on extracorporeal life support. Pediatr Crit Care Med 14(9), 906-907  (IF=2.354)

    MacLaren G. Long-term outcomes after extracorporeal life support: what happens to the survivors? Pediatr Crit Care Med 2013; 14(6):646-647 

    MacLaren G. Endovascular therapy in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation survivors: sailing out into open water. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2013; 14(1):103-104

    MacLaren G, Dodge-Khatami A, Dalton HJ, Adachi I, Almodovar M, Annich GM, Bartlett RH, Bronicki R, Brown K, Butt W, Cooper D, Demuth M, D'Udekem Y, Fraser C, Guerguerian AM, Heard M, Horton S, Ichord R, Jaquiss R, Laussen P, Lequier L, Lou S, Marino B, McMullan M, Ogino M, Peek G, Pretre R, Rodefeld M, Schmidt A, Schwartz S, Shekerdemian L, Shime N, Sivarajan B, Stiller B, Thiagarajan R. Joint statement on mechanical circulatory support in children: a consensus review from the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society and Extracorporeal Life Support Organization. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2013; 14(5 Suppl):S1-118 

    Shime N, Hosokawa K, MacLaren G. Does cooling really improve outcomes in patients with septic shock? Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2013; 187(11):1274-1275 

    Shime N, MacLaren G. Supplemental parenteral nutrition in critically ill patients. Lancet 2013; 381(9879):1715-1716

    MacLaren G, Conrad S, Dalton H. Extracorporeal Life Support. In: Rogers' Textbook of Pediatric Intensive Care. Shaffner H, Nichols D (Eds). Fifth Edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins [in press] 

    Larson G., Arnup S., Clifford M., Evans J. How does the introduction of a pain and sedation management guideline in the paediatric intensive care impact on clinical practice? A comparison of audits pre and post guideline introduction. 2013 Australian Critical Care Nursing -202; No. of Pages 6 

    Larson, G., Takacs, L. and McKenzie I. (July, 2013)."Behave yourself" Children and Adults Behaviour During Routine Procedures. Poster presented at the Internation Symposium on Pediatric Pain, Stockholm, Sweden.

    Larson, G. Legrigore, I. and Clifford, M. (July, 2013). The Introduction of a Pain Assessment Tool into the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit. Poster presented at the Internation Symposium on Pediatric       pain, Stockholm, Sweden

    Straney, L.; Clements, A.; Parslow, Roger C.; Pearson, G.; Shann, F.; Alexander, J.; Slater, A.; for the ANZICS Paediatric Study Group and the Paediatric Intensive Care Audit Network " Paediatric     Index of Mortality 3: An updated model for predicting mortality in pediatric Intensive care. [Article]" Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. September 2013 Vol 14 Num 7 pg

    Shann F.  Nonspecific effects of vaccines and the reduction of mortality in children. Clinical Therapeutics. 35(2):109-14, 2013 Feb.

    Spenceley N, Sheridan B, Maclaren G. (2014 in Press). Applied Physiology. In: Wheeler D (Ed), Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 2nd edition.John, J., Harcourt, E. R., Davis, P. G. and Tingay, D.           (2014), Dräger VN500's oscillatory performance has a frequency-dependent threshold. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 50: 27–31. doi: 10.1111/jpc.12398

    Jones, D. A., Drennan, K., Bailey, M., Hart, G. K., Bellomo, R., Webb, S. A. R., Zalstein, S., Collins, K., Stewart, P., Corkill, W., Schneider, A., Calzavacca, P., Thomas, A., Hill, D., Jasiowski, S.,  Green, D., Stow, P., Fletcher, J., Smith, J., Wenck, D., Pearce, C., Lintott, M., Ellem, K., Rischbieth, A., Davidson, K., Mitchell, I., Slater, N., Elliott, D., Dennett, J., Coles, T., Ceely, B., Jacobs, S., Kearley, Y., Shepherd, K., O'Bree, B., Robertson, M., Banner, L., Green, K., Matheson, E., Carter, M., Holt, A., Breheny, F., Albury, J., Cameron, R., Morcom, L., Mathewson, J., Piercy, M., Halkhoree, J., Fratzia, J., Ewens, B., Power, B., Goldie, D., McCalman, C., Micallef, S., Mifflin, N., Parr, M., Wood, J., Thomas, P., Clausen, S., Lane, S., Scott, J., Segger, T., Rouse, A., Smith, L., Pollock, H., Williams, J., Bersten, A., Butt, W., Delzoppo, C., Sydall, S., Harley, N., Morley, P., Bell, J., Pinder, M., Brinkworth, A., Roberts, B., Flynn, B., Lawrence, K., Morgan, D., Santamaria, J., Gordon, G., Hutchinson, K., Johnson, B., Beard, M., Broadbent, J., Welbing, K., Yung, M. and Matthews, N. [Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Vic., Australia.], 'Mortality of rapid response team patients in Australia: a multicentre study', Critical Care and Resuscitation 2013; vol.15(4), pp.273-278

    Harcourt ER, John J, Dargaville PA, Zannin E, Davis PG, Tingay DG (2014), Pressure And Flow Waveform Characteristics of Eight High-Frequency Oscillators, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine,         Manuscript No: (PCCM-D-13-00305R1)

    Gupta P, Dasgupta R, Best D, Chu CB, Elsalloukh H, Gossett JM, Imamura M, Butt W  (2013)  Delayed extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in children after cardiac surgery:  two-institution experience.  Cardiology in the Young, 1-7  (IF=0.948)

    Parke RL1, Eastwood GM, McGuinness SP; George Institute for Global Health; Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Clinical Trials Group.Mashonganyika C, Maher C, Brom E, Parke R, Gilder E, McCarthy L, McArthur C, Newby L, Benefield K, Chen Y, Bellomo R, Peck L, Young H, Fletcher J, Smith J, Ellem K, Meaks S, Dennett J, Connor H, Coles T, Henderson S, Knight D, Mehrtens J, Milliss D, Wong H, Verghese S, Ryan E, Hannan C, Clarke S, Cattigan C, Elderkin T, Bone A, Salerno T, Fraser M, Richards B, Tallett M, Harrigan P, Hardie M, Pollock E, Ramadoss R, Schibler A, Stocker C, Williams A, Tilsley A, Song R, Rust L, Seppelt I, Weisbrod L, Liang J, Bell J, Delaney A, Ash S, Hogben D, Erickson S, Abe J, Mcbeth H, Rivett J, O'Connor S, Slater A, Long D, Kendall S, Butt W, Delzoppo C, Turner A, Cooper D, McAllister R, Macisaac C, Barge D, Bird S, O'Conner A, Webb S, Chamberlain J, Gattas D, Buhr H, Keir M, Baker S, Roberts B, Myburgh J, Miller J, Sidoli R, lnskip D, Santamaria J, Smith R, Holmes J, Beca J, Segedin E, Sherring C, Rea M, Bushell T, Merritt M, Williams G, Young J, Browne T, Atkin R, Goodson J, Davies A, Valiance S, Board J, Mitchell I, Rodgers H, Taylor E, Fulton E, Duke G, Green J, Casamento A, Park M, Burgess O, Peake S, Williams T, Kurenda K, Forrest A, Durning J, La Pine M, Dinsdale D, Andrews L, Mackie D, Ongley J, Tang-Hickey J, French C, Bates S, Nayyar V, Skelly C, Kong J, Sterba M, Johnson B. " Oxygen therapy in non-intubated adult intensive Care patients: a point prevelance study." Crit Care Resus: 2013 Dec; 15(4) 287-93

    Willson DF1, Thomas NJ, Tamburro R, Truemper E, Truwit J, Conaway M, Traul C, Egan EE; Pediatric Acute Lung and Sepsis Investigators Network. Collaborators (49) Chae-Man L, Loftis L, Kyle U, Wensley D, Krahn G, Festa M, Gorey E, Quasney M, Murkowski K, Poynter S, Monaco M, Stanley M, Biagas K, Talathoti N, Pon S, Correa C, Palmer A, Godshall A, Mattix C, Lev A, Arshed S, Dockery K, Huddleston K, McLaughlin G, Castelblanco A, Chase M, Guittar P, Truemper E, Zink M, Thomas N, Stokes J, Erickson S, Falconer P, Bysani K, Barclay T, Butt W, Delzoppo C, Stephens D, Thomas J, Beca J, Stapelton H, Jouvet P, Poitras N, Ten I, Lamb M, Willson D, Traul C, Yung M, Lyon C. "The relationship of fluid administration to outcome in the pediatric calfactant in acute respiratory distress syndrome trial. " Pediatr Crit Care Med 2013 Sep; 14(7); 666-72

    Willson DF1, Thomas NJ, Tamburro R, Truemper E, Truwit J, Conaway M, Traul C, Egan EE; Pediatric Acute Lung and Sepsis Investigators Network. Collaborators (49) Chae-Man L, Loftis L, Kyle U, Wensley D, Krahn G, Festa M, Gorey E, Quasney M, Murkowski K, Poynter S, Monaco M, Stanley M, Biagas K, Talathoti N, Pon S, Correa C, Palmer A, Godshall A, Mattix C, Lev A, Arshed S, Dockery K, Huddleston K, McLaughlin G, Castelblanco A, Chase M, Guittar P, Truemper E, Zink M, Thomas N, Stokes J, Erickson S, Falconer P, Bysani K, Barclay T, Butt W, Delzoppo C, Stephens D, Thomas J, Beca J, Stapelton H, Jouvet P, Poitras N, Ten I, Lamb M, Willson D, Traul C, Yung M, Lyon C. "The relationship of fluid administration to outcome in the pediatric calfactant in acute respiratory distress syndrome trial. " Pediatr Crit Care Med 2013 Sep; 14(7); 666-72

    Willson DF1, Thomas NJ, Tamburro R, Truemper E, Truwit J, Conaway M, Traul C, Egan EE; Pediatric Acute Lung and Sepsis Investigators Network. Collaborators (47) Chae-Man L, Loftis L, Kyle U, Wensley D, Krahn G, Festa M, Gorey E, Quasney M, Murkowski K, Poynter S, Monaco M, Biagas K, Talathoti N, Pon S, Correa C, Godshall A, Mattix C, Lev A, Arshed S, Dockery K, Huddleston K, McLaughlin G, Castelblanco A, Chase M, Guittar P, Truemper E, Zink M, Thomas N, Stokes J, Erickson S, Falconer P, Bysani K, Barclay T, Butt W, Delzoppo C, Stephens D, Thomas J, Beca J, Stapelton H, Jouvet P, Poitras N, Ten I, Lamb M, Willson D, Traul C, Yung M, Lyon C.  "Pediatric calfactant in acute respiratory distress syndrome trial" Pediatr Crit Care Med 2013 sep; 14(7):657-65

    Published work 2012

    d'Udekem Y. Cheung M. Butt W. Shann F. Brizard CP. " Transposition with intact septum diagnosed at nine months: arterial switch?   Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals. 20(3):333-4, 2012 Jun.

    Namachivayam, P; Taylor, A; Montague, T; Moran, K; Barrie, J; Delzoppo, C; Butt, W. "Long-stay children in intensive care: Long-term functional outcome and quality of life from a 20 yr institutional study." Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 13(5):520-528, September 2012.

    Gupta P, McDonald R, Gossett J, Butt W, Shinkawa T, Imamura M, Bhutta A, Prodhan P.  "A Single Center Experience of Extubation Failure in Infants Undergoing the Norwood Operation." The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. May 2012 

    Rippel C. South M. Butt WW. Shekerdemian LS. Vitamin D status in critically ill children. Intensive Care Medicine. 38(12):2055-62, 2012 Dec. [Journal Article]

    Dalton HJ. Butt WW. Extracorporeal life support: an update of Roger's textbook of Paediatric Intensive Care. [review]

    MacLaren G, Butt W. Sepsis and ECMO. In: ECMO: Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Support in Critical Care. Fourth Edition.

    Smalley N, MacLaren G, Best D, Paul E, Butt W. Outcomes in children with refractory pneumonia supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Intensive Care Med 2012; 38(6):1001-1007 

    D'Udekem Y. Xu MY. Galati JC. Lu S. Iyengar AJ. Konstantinov IE. Wheaton GR. Ramsay JM. Grigg LE. Millar J. Cheung MM. Brizard CP. "Predictors of survival after single-ventricle palliation: the impact of right ventricular dominance." Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 59(13):1178-85, 2012 Mar 27.

    Cove ME, Spelman D, MacLaren G. Infectious complications of cardiac surgery: a clinical review. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2012; 26(6):1094-1100 

    Cove ME, MacLaren G, Federspiel WJ, Kellum JA. Bench to bedside review: Extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal, past present and future. Crit Care 2012; 16(5):232

    MacLaren G. Medicine, art and the death of Franz Liszt. Internal Med J 2012; 42(5):575-577 

    MacLaren G, Combes A, Bartlett RH. Contemporary extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for adult respiratory failure: life support in the new era. Intensive Care Med 2012; 38(2):210-220  [Article of the Month]

    MacLaren G. Lessons in advanced extracorporeal life support. Crit Care Med 2012; 40(9):2927-2731

    Bartlett RH, MacLaren G, Annich G. The Future of Extracorporeal Life Support. In: ECMO: Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Support in Critical Care. Fourth Edition.

    Annich G, Lynch W, MacLaren G, Wilson J, Bartlett RH (Eds). ELSO, Ann Arbor. 2012: 435-438

    Annich G, Lynch W, MacLaren G, Wilson J, Bartlett RH (Eds). ELSO, Ann Arbor. 2012: 397-410

    Annich G, MacLaren G. Preface to Sections II-V. In: ECMO: Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Support in Critical Care. Fourth Edition. 

    Annich G, Lynch W, MacLaren G, Wilson J, Bartlett RH (Eds). ELSO, Ann Arbor. 2012: 105-106

    Annich G, MacLaren G. Preface. In: ECMO: Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Support in Critical Care. Fourth Edition.

    Annich G, Lynch W, MacLaren G, Wilson J, Bartlett RH (Eds). ELSO, Ann Arbor. 2012: xiii  

    Tibballs, J. Aickin, R. Nuthall, G. Australian and New Zealand Resuscitation Councils. "Basic and advanced paediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation - guidelines of the Australian and New Zealand Resuscitation Councils 2010." Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 48(7):551-5, 2012 Jul.

    Bhatia, N. Tibballs, J. "Legal clarification of "loss of chance of a better outcome" in Australia." Comment Medical Journal of Australia. 197(8):446, 2012 Oct 15.

    Tibballs, J. Li, R. Tibballs, H A. Gershwin, L. Winkel, K. D. "Australian carybdeid jellyfish causing "Irukandji syndrome". [Review] Toxicon. 59(6):617-25, 2012 May.

    Bhatia, N. Tibballs, J. "Legal clarification of "loss of chance of a better outcome" in Australia." Med J Aust. 196(3):167-8, 2012 Feb 20.

    McKeever S. Johnston L. Davidson A. "A review of the utility of EEG depth of anaesthesia monitors in the paediatric intensive care environment. [Review]" Intensive and Critical Care Nursing. 28(5):294-303, 2012 Oct. 

    Kinney S. Lima S. McKeever S. Twomey B. Newall F. "Employing a clinical governance framework to engage nurses in research." J Nurs Care Qual. 27(3):226-31, 2012 Jul-Sep

    McKeever S. Johnston L. Davidson AJ." An observational study exploring amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram and spectral edge frequency during paediatric anaesthesia."    Anaesthesia and Intensive Care. 40(2):275-84, 2012 Mar.

    Chisti MJ. Duke T. Robertson CF. Ahmed T. Faruque AS. Ashraf H. La Vincente S. Bardhan PK. Salam MA. "Clinical predictors and outcome of hypoxaemia among under-five diarrhoeal children with or without pneumonia in an urban hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh." Tropical Medicine and International Health. 17(1):106-11, 2012 Jan.

    Ramakrishna B. Graham SM. Phiri A. Mankhambo L. Duke T. "Lactate as a predictor of mortality in Malawian children with WHO-defined pneumonia." Archives of Disease in Childhood. 97(4):336-42, 2012 Apr.

    Jayawardena N. Subhi R. Duke T. "The Western Pacific Regional Child Survival Strategy: progress and challenges in implementation." Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 48(3):210-9, 2012 Mar.

    Shann F. " Australia, immunisation, GAVI, and the non-specific effects of vaccines."  Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. 36(6):569-71, 2012 Dec.

    Yong MS. Shann F. d'Udekem Y. Cheung MH. Weintraub RG. Brizard CP. Konstantinov IE. " Hemodynamic index for risk stratification after neonatal total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage repair."  Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 94(5):1584-7, 2012 Nov

    Shann F. " Commentary: BCG vaccination halves neonatal mortality." Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 31(3):308-9, 2012 Mar

    Shann F. " The new decade of vaccines." Lancet. 379(9810):26; author reply 27, 2012 Jan 7. [Comment. Letter]

    d'Udekem Y, Xu M, Galati J, Lu S, Iyengar A, Konstantinov I, Wheaton G, Ramsay J, Grigg L, Millar J, Cheung M, Brizard C. J.  Predictors of Survival after Single-Ventricle        Palliation: The Impact of Right Ventricular Dominance. Am Coll Cardiol 2012; 59: 1178 - 1185.

    Published work 2011

    Shekerdemian L, Shann F, Butt W. "Rotating Inotrope Therapy in a Pediatric Population with Decompensated Heart Failure." Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. Jan 2011 

    Butt WW. Checklists, guidelines, and protocols: a prescription for improved outcomes. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 12(3):352-3, 2011 May.  [Comment. Editorial]

    Fitzgerald MC. Chan JY. Ross AW. Liew SM. Butt WW. Baguley D. Salem HH. Russ MK. Deasy C. Martin KE. Mathew JK. Rosenfeld JV.  A synthetic Haemaglobin-based oxygen carrier and the reversal of cardiac hypoxia secondary to anaemia following trauma. Medical Journal of Australia. 194(9):471-3, 2011 May 2. [Case Reports. Journal Article]

    MacLaren G, Butt W. Reply to Prodhan and colleagues. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2011; 12(5):606-607 

    MacLaren G, Butt W, Best D, Donath S. Central extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for refractory pediatric septic shock. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2011; 12(2):133-136

    W Butt. "Has extracorporeal membrane oxygenation finally arrived for resuscitation and stabilization for critically ill patients?" Critical Care Medicine 2011 Vol39, No5

    Rudan I. El Arifeen S. Bhutta ZA. Black RE. Brooks A. Chan KY. Chopra M. Duke T. Marsh D. Pio A. Simoes EA. Tamburlini G. Theodoratou E. Weber MW. Whitney CG. Campbell H. Qazi SA. WHO/CHNRI Expert Group on Childhood Pneumonia. "Setting research priorities to reduce global mortality from childhood pneumonia by 2015". PLoS Medicine / Public Library of Science. 8(9):e1001099, 2011 Sep.

    Catto AG. Zgaga L. Theodoratou E. Huda T. Nair H. El Arifeen S. Rudan I. Duke T. Campbell H. "An evaluation of oxygen systems for treatment of childhood pneumonia. [Review]" BMC Public Health. 11 Suppl 3:S28, 2011.

    Duke T. "Zinc sulphate for treatment and prevention of diarrhoea and other conditions in children in Papua New Guinea." Papua New Guinea Medical Journal. 54(1-2):17-22, 2011 Mar-Jun.

    Rudan I. El Arifeen S. Bhutta ZA. Black RE. Brooks A. Chan KY. Chopra M. Duke T. Marsh D. Pio A. Simoes EA. Tamburlini G. Theodoratou E. Weber MW. Whitney CG. Campbell H. Qazi SA. WHO/CHNRI Expert Group on Childhood Pneumonia. "Setting research priorities to reduce global mortality from childhood pneumonia by 2015." PLoS Medicine / Public Library of Science. 8(9):e1001099, 2011 Sep.

    Catto AG. Zgaga L. Theodoratou E. Huda T. Nair H. El Arifeen S. Rudan I. Duke T. Campbell H. "An evaluation of oxygen systems for treatment of childhood pneumonia. [Review]" BMC Public Health. 11 Suppl 3:S28, 2011.

    Duke T. "What the African fluid-bolus trial means." Lancet. 378(9804):1685-7, 2011 Nov 12.

    Chisti MJ. Duke T. Robertson CF. Ahmed T. Faruque AS. Bardhan PK. La Vincente S. Salam MA. "Co-morbidity: exploring the clinical overlap between pneumonia and diarrhoea in a hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh." Annals of Tropical Paediatrics. 31(4):311-9, 2011.

    Duke T. "Randomised trials in child health in developing countries 2011." Annals of Tropical Paediatrics. 31(4):283-5, 2011.

    Rudan I. El Arifeen S. Bhutta ZA. Black RE. Brooks A. Chan KY. Chopra M. Duke T. Marsh D. Pio A. Simoes EA. Tamburlini G. Theodoratou E. Weber MW. Whitney CG. Campbell H. Qazi SA. WHO/CHNRI Expert Group on Childhood Pneumonia." Setting research priorities to reduce global mortality from childhood pneumonia by 2015." PLoS Medicine / Public Library of Science. 8(9):e1001099, 2011 Sep.

    Duke T."Letter to the editor." Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 47(9):676; discussion 676-7, 2011 Sep. [Comment. Letter]

    La Vincente SF. Peel D. Carai S. Weber MW. Enarson P. Maganga E. Soyolgerel G. Duke T. "The functioning of oxygen concentrators in resource-limited settings: a situation assessment in two countries." International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 15(5):693-9, 2011 May."

    Triasih R. Duke T. Robertson CF. "Outcomes following admission to intensive care for asthma." Archives of Disease in Childhood. 96(8):729-34, 2011 Aug.

    Catto AG. Zgaga L. Theodoratou E. Huda T. Nair H. El Arifeen S. Rudan I. Duke T. Campbell H. " An evaluation of ozxygen systems for treatment of childhood pneumonia. [Review]" BMC Public Health. 11 Suppl 3:S28, 2011.

    Nunan M. Duke T. "Effectiveness of pharmacy interventions in improving availability of essential medicines at the primary healthcare level. [Review]." Tropical Medicine and International Health. 16(5):647-58, 2011 May.

    Chan J. Nirwati H. Triasih R. Bogdanovic-Sakran N. Soenarto Y. Hakimi M. Duke T. Buttery JP. Bines JE. Bishop RF. Kirkwood CD. Danchin MD. "Maternal antibodies to rotavirus: could they interfere with live rotavirus vaccines in developing countries?"  Vaccine. 29(6):1242-7, 2011 Feb 1.

    MacLaren G, Kluger R, Connelly KA, Royse CF. Comparative feasibility of myocardial velocity and strain measurements using two different methods with transesophageal echocardiography during cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011; 25(2):216-220 

    MacLaren G. Pulmonary complications during cardiac extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: Is bronchoscopy worth the bother? Pediatr Crit Care Med 2011; 12(4):47 -475 

    Spenceley N, MacLaren G, Kissoon N, Macrae DJ. Monitoring in pediatric cardiac critical care: A worldwide perspective. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2011; 12(4):S76-S80

    Checchia PA, Bronicki RA, Allen M, Anas N, Berger JT, Bohn D, Cooper DS, Dalton HJ, Domico M, Finer NN, Gazit AZ, Ghanayem NS, Hazinski MF, Hoffman GM, Kinsella JP, Kissoon N, Klugman D, Laussen P, MacLaren G, Macrae DJ, Perkin DJ, Sivarajan B, Spenceley N, Tucker D, Wernovsky G, Wong H. The Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society Evidence-based Review and Consensus Statement on Monitoring of Hemodynamics and Oxygen Transport Balance. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2011; 12(4):S1-S102 

    Ong J, Ngiam N, Aye W, MacLaren G. Prolonged venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in a child with leukemia and persistent bacteremia. Pediatr Crit Care Med 2011; 12(6):e395-e397 

    Mansurali N, MacLaren G, Sundar G. Bilateral orbital haematomas in an anticoagulated patient with severe H1N1 influenza. Orbit 2011; 30(2):98-100

     MacLaren G, Combes A, Bartlett RH. Respiratory dialysis is not extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Crit Care Med 2011; 39(12):2787-2788 

    MacLaren G, Cove M, Kofidis T. Factors associated with the development of acute heart failure in critically ill patients with severe pandemic 2009 influenza (H1N1) infection (reply). Ann Thorac Surg 2011; 91(6):2022

    MacLaren G. Distinction between induction and maintenance dosing in continuous renal replacement therapy. Crit Care 2011; 15(2):419 

    MacLaren G. Evidence and experience with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Chest 2011; 139(4):965

    Tibballs J. Yanagihara AA. Turner HC. Winkel K. Immunological and toxinological responses to jellyfish stings. [Review] Inflammation and Allergy Drug Targets. 10(5):438-46, 2011 Oct. 

    Oberender, F., Tibballs, J. "Withdrawal of life-support in paediatric intensive care--a study of time intervals between discussion, decision and death." BMC Pediatr. 11:39, 2011.

    Tibballs, J. Watson, T. "Symptoms and signs differentiating croup and epiglottitis." J Paediatr Child Health. 47(3):77-82, 2011 Mar.

    Azzopardi, P., Kinney, S. Moulden, A. Tibballs, J. "Attitudes and barriers to a Medical Emergency Team system at a tertiary paediatric hospital." Resuscitation. 82(2):167-74, 2011 Feb.

    Tibballs, J., Carter, B. Kiraly, N., Ragg, P., Clifford, M. "External and internal biphasic direct current shock doses for pediatric ventricular fibrillation and pulseless ventricular tachycardia". PCCM Volume 12(1), January 2011, pp 14-20

    Oberender, F."Organ donation in Australia." J Paediatr Child Health. 47(9):637-41, 2011 Sep. 

    Shann F. Chiletti R. " Neonatal herpes virus infection: duration of extracorporeal support and the dose of acyclovir." Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 12(5):605; author reply 605-6, 2011 Sep. [Comment. Letter]

    Shann F. " The nonspecific effects of vaccines and the expanded program on immunization." Journal of Infectious Diseases. 204(2):182-4, 2011 Jul 15. [Comment. Editorial]

    Al Hanshi S. Shann F. " Insulin infused at 0.05 versus 0.1 units/kg/hr in children admitted to intensive care with diabetic ketoacidosis." Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 12(2):137-40, 2011 Mar. [Comparative Study. Journal Article]

    Yong MS. d'Udekem Y. Robertson T. Horton S. Dronavalli M. Brizard C. Weintraub R. ShannF. Cheung M. Konstantinov IE. " Outcomes of surgery for simple total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage in neonates."  Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 91(6):1921-7, 2011 Jun

    Shann F. " Role of intensive care in countries with a high child mortality rate." Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 12(1):114-5, 2011 Jan.

    Shann F." The non-specific effects of vaccines in low income countries." Archives of Disease in Childhood. 96(1):115, 2011 Jan.

    Shann F. " Pneumonia in children in developing countries. [Review] " Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. 697:59-75, 2011 

    Tibballs, J. Yanagihara, A. Turner, H. Winkel, K." Immunological and toxinological responses to jellyfish stings." [Review] Inflamm Allergy Drug Targets. 10(5):438-46, 2011 Oct

    Published work 2010

    Ryerson, L. M., Chiletti, R., Zacharin, M. andTibballs, J. (2010) 'Two cases of idiopathic infantile arterial calcification', Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 46(12), 777-9 

    Silas, R., and Tibballs, J. (2010). Adverse events and comparison of systematic and voluntary reporting from a paediatric intensive care unit. Quality and Safety in Health Care, 19(6), 568-571.

    Clifford, M., and Hunt, R. W. (2010). Neonatal resuscitation. Best Practice and Research Clinical Anaesthesiology, 24(3), 461-474.

    Augustin, S., Horton, A., Butt, W., Bennett, M., and Horton, S. (2010). Centrifugal pump inlet pressure site affects measurement. Perfusion, 25(5), 313.

    Sivarajan, V. B., Best, D., Brizard, C. P.,Shekerdemian, L. S., D'Udekem, Y., Horton, S. B.,Butt, W. (2010). Improved outcomes of paediatric extracorporeal support associated with technology change.Interact CardioVasc Thorac Surg, 11(4), 400-405.

    Tibballs, J., Carter, B., Kiraly, N. J., Ragg, P., and Clifford, M. (2010). Biphasic DC shock cardioverting doses for paediatric atrial dysrhythmias.Resuscitation, 81(9), 1101-1104.

    Shann, F. (2010). The non-specific effects of vaccines. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 95(9), 662-667.

    Shann, F. M. D. F., Nohynek, H. M. D. P., Scott, J. A. M. F., Hesseling, A. M. D. M., Flanagan, K. L. P. F., and on behalf of the Working Group on The Nonspecific Effects of, V. (2010). Randomized Trials to Study the Nonspecific Effects of Vaccines in Children in Low-Income Countries. [Editorial]: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal May 2010;29(5):457-461.

    Rutledge, J., Bush, A., Shekerdemian, L., Schulze-Neick, I., Penny, D., Cai, S., Li, J. (2010). Validity of the LaFarge equation for estimation of oxygen consumption in ventilated children with congenital heart disease younger than 3 years--a revisit. American Heart Journal, 160(1), 109-114.

    Shahwan, A., Bailey, C., Shekerdemian, L., and Harvey, A. S. (2010). The prevalence of seizures in comatose children in the pediatric intensive care unit: a prospective video-EEG study. Epilepsia, 51(7), 1198-1204.

    Simpson, C. M., Smolich, J. J., Shekerdemian, L. S., and Penny, D. J. (2010). Urotensin-II contributes to pulmonary vasoconstriction in a perinatal model of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn secondary to meconium aspiration syndrome. Pediatric Research, 67(2), 150-157.

    Shann, F. (2010). Warfare and children.Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 46(5), 217-221.

    Shann, F. (2010). Letters to the Editor.Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 46(5), 279-280.

    Ben-Meir, M., and Tibballs, J. (2010). Leukocytotic pseudohypoxaemia. Anaesthesia And Intensive Care, 38(3), 566-567.

    Dalton, H. J., and MacLaren, G. (2010). Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in pandemic flu: insufficient evidence or worth the effort? Critical Care Medicine, 38(6), 1484-1485.

    Fortune, P.-M., and Shann, F. (2010). The motor response to stimulation predicts outcome as well as the full Glasgow Coma Scale in children with severe head injury *. [Article]: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine11(3):339-342.

    Tibballs, J., Carter, B., Kiraly, N., Ragg, P., and Clifford, M. (2010).External and internal biphasic direct current shock doses for pediatric ventricular fibrillation and pulseless ventricular tachycardia. [Article]: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine.

    MacLaren, G., Butt, W., Best, D., and Donath, S. (2010). Central extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for refractory pediatric septic shock. [Article]: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine.

    Namachivayam, P.,Shann, F., Shekerdemian, L., Taylor, A., van Sloten, I., Delzoppo, C.,Daffey, C., and Butt, W. (2010). Three decades of pediatric intensive care: Who was admitted, what happened in intensive care, and what happened afterward. [Article]: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine.

    Ryerson, L., Alexander, P., Butt, W.,Shann, F., Penny, D. J., andShekerdemian, L. (2010). Rotating inotrope therapy in a pediatric population with decompensated heart failure. [Article]: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine.

    Tibballs, J. (2010). A critique of the apneic oxygenation test for the diagnosis of "brain death". Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: A Journal Of The Society Of Critical Care Medicine And The World Federation Of Pediatric Intensive And Critical Care Societies, 11(4), 475-478.

    Shann, F., Nohynek, H., Scott, J. A., Hesseling, A., Flanagan, K., and on behalf of the Working Group on The Nonspecific Effects of, V. (2010). Randomized Trials to Study the Nonspecific Effects of Vaccines in Children in Low-Income Countries. [Editorial]: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal May 2010;29(5):457-461.

    Tibballs, J., and Weeranatna, C. (2010). The influence of time on the accuracy of healthcare personnel to diagnose paediatric cardiac arrest by pulse palpation.Resuscitation, 81(6), 671-675.

    Alexander, D. C., Butt, W. W., Best, J. D., Donath, S. M., Monagle, P. T., andShekerdemian, L. S. (2010). Correlation of thromboelastography with standard tests of anticoagulation in paediatric patients receiving extracorporeal life support.Thrombosis Research, 125(5), 387-392.

    Tibballs, J., Henning, R., Robertson, C. F., Massie, J., Hochmann, M., Carter, B.,Bradley, C., .Osborne, A., Stephens, R. A., Scoble, M., Jones, S. E., White, J. and Bryan, D. (2010). A home respiratory support programme for children by parents and layperson carers. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 46(1-2), 57-62.

    Best, D., Butt, W., Membrey, M., Johansen, A., and Horton, S. (2010). Extra corporeal membrane oxygenation in children: "21 today". Australian Critical Care, 23(1), 31-31.

    Snookes, S. H., Gunn, J. K., Eldridge, B. J., Donath, S. M., Hunt, R. W., Galea, M. P., Shekerdemian, L. (2010). A systematic review of motor and cognitive outcomes after early surgery for congenital heart disease. Pediatrics, 125(4), e818-e827.

    Adatia, I., and Shekerdemian, L. (2010). The role of calcium channel blockers, steroids, anticoagulation, antiplatelet drugs, and endothelin receptor antagonists.Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: A Journal Of The Society Of Critical Care Medicine And The World Federation Of Pediatric Intensive And Critical Care Societies, 11(2 Suppl), S46-S52.

    Shann, F. (2010). BCG vaccination in developing countries. BMJ, 340(mar15_1), c809.

    Ragg, P. G., and Tibballs, J. (2010). Pressure-created communication between lumens of a multilumen venous catheter. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: A Journal Of The Society Of Critical Care Medicine And The World Federation Of Pediatric Intensive And Critical Care Societies, 11(2), e26-e27.

    Gilmore, H., Millar, K. J., Weintraub, R. G., Hislop, J., Negri, J., Brizard, C. P., d'Udekem, Y. (2010). Australian Experience with VAD as a Bridge to Paediatric Cardiac Transplantation. Heart, Lung and Circulation, 19(1), 26-30.

    Horton, S., d'Udekem, Y., Shann, F.,Butt, W., Bennett, M., Best, D., Brizard, C. (2010) Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation via sternotomy for circulatory shock. The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 139(2), e12-e13.

    Simpson, C. M., Smolich, J. J., Shekerdemian, L. S., and Penny, D. J. (2010). Urotensin-II contributes to pulmonary vasoconstriction in a perinatal model of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn secondary to meconium aspiration syndrome. Pediatric Research, 67(2), 150-157.

    Duke, T. (2010). Systemic inflammatory response syndrome and bacteremia in developing countries. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: A Journal Of The Society Of Critical Care Medicine And The World Federation Of Pediatric Intensive And Critical Care Societies, 11(1), 153-154.

    Published work 2009

    Samarasekera, S. P., Mikocka-Walus, A., Butt, W., and Cameron, P. (2009). Epidemiology of major paediatric chest trauma. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 45(11), 676-680.

    Linton, S., Grant, C., Pellegrini, J. and Davidson, A. (2009) 'The development of a clinical markers score to predict readmission to paediatric intensive care', Intensive and Critical Care Nursing vol.25(6), pp.283-93

    McKinley, D. and Kinney, S. (2009). "The challenges of completing a randomised controlled trial evaluating the use of saline during endotracheal suction in the paediatric intensive care unit... The Asia Pacific Critical Care 2008 Congress." Australian Critical Care22(1): 62-62.

    Pan, L. T. and MacLaren, G. (2009). "Continuous venovenous haemodiafiltration for metformin-induced lactic acidosis." Anaesthesia and Intensive Care37(5): 830-832.

    Azzopardi P; Bennett CM; Graham SM; Duke T(2009). "Bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccine-related disease in HIV-infected children: a systematic review." The International Journal Of Tuberculosis And Lung Disease: The Official Journal Of The International Union Against Tuberculosis And Lung Disease13(11): 1331-1344.

    Enarson, P., Duke, T., Graham, SM. (2009). "Who speaks for the children?" The International Journal Of Tuberculosis And Lung Disease: The Official Journal Of The International Union Against Tuberculosis And Lung Disease13(11): 1317-1317.

    Chisti, M. J., M. Tebruegge,La Vincente S, Graham SM,Duke T, LA- English. (2009). "Pneumonia in severely malnourished children in developing countries - mortality risk, aetiology and validity of WHO clinical signs: a systematic review." Tropical Medicine and International Health: TM and IH14(10): 1173-1189.

    Duke GJ; Graco M; Santamaria J; Shann F (2009). "Validation of the hospital outcome prediction equation (HOPE) model for monitoring clinical performance." Internal Medicine Journal39(5): 283-289.

    Kinney S; Tibballs J; Duke T; Johnston L. (2009). "A case-control study identifying risk factors for a critical event amongst children who have a medical emergency team (MET) call... The Asia Pacific Critical Care 2008 Congress." Australian Critical Care22(1): 64-64.

    Kurubi J; Vince J; Ripa P; Tefuarani N; Riddell M; Duke T. (2009). "Immune response to measles vaccine in 6 month old infants in Papua New Guinea." Tropical Medicine and International Health14(2): 167-173.

    Lindstrom SJ, Pellegrino VA, Butt WW (2009). "Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation."The Medical Journal Of Australia 191(3): 178-182.

    Shann, F. and T. Duke (2009). "Twenty-three thousand unnecessary deaths every day: what are you doing about it?" Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: A Journal Of The Society Of Critical Care Medicine And The World Federation Of Pediatric Intensive And Critical Care Societies 10(5): 608.

    Tibballs J, Kinney S.Reduction of hospital mortality and of preventable cardiac arrest and death on introduction of a pediatric medical emergency team.[see comment]. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 10(3):306-12, 2009 May.

    Duke T, Subhi R, Peel D, Frey B. Pulse oximetry: technology to reduce child mortality in developing countries. Annals of Tropical Paediatrics. 29(3):165-75, 2009 Sep.

    Duke, T. Child survival and IMCI: in need of sustained global support.[comment]. Lancet. 2009 Aug 1;374(9687):393-403

    Shekerdemian, L. 'Perioperative manipulation of the circulation in children with congenital heart disease', Heart 2009 Aug; vol.95(15), pp.1286-96

    Subhi R. Adamson M. Campbell H. Weber M. Smith K. Duke T.The prevalence of hypoxaemia among ill children in developing countries: a systematic review. [Review] [59 refs]Hypoxaemia in Developing Countries Study Group. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 9(4):219-27, 2009 Apr. Plunkett A. De Marco P. Vuillermin P. Duke T. Klebsiella pneumoniae: caught on film.Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 94(1):F57, 2009 Jan. Nydegger A. Walsh A. Penny DJ. Henning R. Bines JE.Changes in resting energy expenditure in children with congenital heart disease.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 63(3):392-7, 2009 Mar. Sivarajan V. Penny DJ. Filan P. Brizard C. Shekerdemian LS. Impact of antenatal diagnosis of hypoplastic left heart syndrome on the clinical presentation and surgical outcomes: the Australian experience.Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 45(3):112-7, 2009 Mar. Beca J. Gunn J. Coleman L. Hope A. Whelan LC. Gentles T. Inder T. Hunt R. Shekerdemian L. Pre-operative brain injury in newborn infants with transposition of the great arteries occurs at rates similar to other complex congenital heart disease and is not related to balloon atrial septostomy.Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 53(19):1807-11, 2009 May 12. MacLaren G. Butt W. Best D. Pediatric septic shock guidelines and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation management.[comment].Critical Care Medicine. 37(6):2143-4; author reply 2144-5, 2009 Jun. Shann F.Sepsis in babies: should we stimulate the phagocytes?[comment]. Lancet. 373(9659):188-90, 2009 Jan 17. Tibballs J. Russell P. Reliability of pulse palpation by healthcare personnel to diagnose paediatric cardiac arrest.Resuscitation. 80(1):61-4, (2009) Jan.

    Butt WW. Outcome assessment--what outcome do we want?. Pediatric critical care medicine : a journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies 10 (1) : 133 - 4; discuss(2009)

    Maclaren G, Butt W. Controversies in paediatric continuous renal replacement therapy. Intensive Care Medicine 35 (4) : 596 - 602(2009)

    Martin J, Shekerdemian LS. The monitoring of venous saturations of oxygen in children with congenitally malformed hearts.. Cardiology in the Young 19 (1) : 34 - 9(2009)

    Newall F, Ignjatovic V, Summerhayes R, Gan A, Butt W, Johnston L, Monagle P. In vivo age dependency of unfractionated heparin in infants and children.. Thrombosis Research 123 (5) : 710 - 4(2009)

    Sivarajan V, Penny DJ, Filan P, Brizard C, Shekerdemian LS. Impact of antenatal diagnosis of hypoplastic left heart syndrome on the clinical presentation and surgical outcomes: The Australian experience.. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health Epub 2009 : (2009)

    Subhi R. Smith K. Duke T. When should oxygen be given to children at high altitude? A systematic review to define altitude-specific hypoxaemia, Archives of Disease in Childhood. 94(1):6-10, 2009 Jan.

    Published work 2008

    Cantwell-Bartl AM, Tibballs J. "Place, age, and mode of death of infants and children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome: Implications for medical counselling, psychological counselling, and palliative care." J Palliative Care 2008; 24: 76-84.

    Gutierrez J.A., Duke T., Henning R., South M. "Respiratory Failure and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome." In Taussig L.M., Landau L.I., etal (eds) Paediatric Respiratory Medicine 2nd Edition Philadelphia: Mosby 2008

    Henning R. Chapter  "Shock and cardiac Disease in Children" Oh TH, ed. Intensive Care Manual. Sydney: Butterworths, 6th ed 2007. (In press.)

    Henning R., "Lung trauma: Near drowning and toxic inhalation." In Taussig L.M., Landau L.I., etal (eds) Paediatric Respiratory Medicine 2nd Edition Philadelphia: Mosby 2008

    Kinney S, Tibballs J, Johnston L, Duke T. "Clinical profile of hospitalized children provided with urgent assistance from a medical emergency team." Pediatrics 2008; 121: e1577-84.

    Linton S., Grant C., Pellegrini J., "Supporting families through discharge from PICU to the ward: The development and evaluation of a discharge information brochure for families." Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 26 July 2008

    MacLaren G, Kluger R. "The feasibility of myocardial velocity, strain and strain rate measurements during aortic valve replacement surgery." J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2008;22(4):648-649

    MacLaren G, Yeow SF, Spelman D. "Antibiotic prophylaxis in cardiac surgery." Heart 2008;94(5):646

    MacLaren G, Kofidis T, Klima U. "Nonpharmacologic support of the failing right ventricle." Crit Care Med 2008;36(2):662

    Perez A., Butt W., Millar K.J., Best D., Thiruchelvam T., Cochrane AD, Bennett M, Shekerdemian L.S. "Long-distance transport of critically ill children on extracorporeal life support in Australia." Critical Care Resuscitation. 2008 Mar;10(1):34.

    Plunkett A., De Marco P., Vuillermin P., Duke T. "Klebsiella pneumoniae": Archives of Disease in Childhood. Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne. Department of Haematology, Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne. Child Health Research Unit, Barwon Health.

    Sung V. Massie J. Hochmann MA. Carlin JB. Jamsen K. Robertson CF. "Estimating inspired oxygen concentration delivered by nasal prongs in children with bronchiolitis." [Journal Article. Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't] Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 44(1-2):14-8, 2008 Jan.
    Tibballs J. Paediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation: recent changes to  guidelines. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 2008; 44: 67-9.

    Tibballs J. "Organ donation after cardiac death: legal and ethical justifications for antemortem interventions" (letter). Med J Aust 2008; 188: 186-7.

    Tibballs J, Cantwell-Bartl A. "Outcomes of management decisions by parents for their infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome born with and without a prenatatal diagnosis." J Paediatr Child Health 2008; 44: 321-4.

    Tibballs J, Thiruchelvam T. "A case of Commotio cordis in a young child caused by a fall." Resuscitation 2008; 77: 139-41.

    Tibballs J. The non-compliance of clinical guidelines for organ donation with Australian statute law.Journal of Law and Medicine. 16(2):335-55, 2008 Oct.

    Tibballs J, van der Jagt E. "Medical emergency and rapid response teams." Pediatr Clin N Am 2008; 55: 989-1010.

    Tibballs J, Russell P. "Reliability of pulse palpation by healthcare personnel to diagnose paediatric cardiac arrest." Resuscitation 2008; 77: Suppl 1; S30.

    Tibballs J, Winkel KD. "Envenomation syndromes". In: Roger's Textbook of Pediatric Intensive Care. 2008. Nichols DG. Ed-in-Chief. Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins. Philadelphia. pp482-507.

    Previous years published works